National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×

Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the
2015 Strategic Vision for
Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research

Committee on a Mid-Term Assessment of NSF Progress on the 2015
Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research

Polar Research Board

Division on Earth and Life Studies

A Consensus Study Report of

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by a contract between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 2022844. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-26807-3
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-26807-9
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26338

Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Image credits (front cover):
Left: Paul Cziko, University of Oregon, and Chi-Hing Christina Cheng, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Center: Jim Yungel, NASA
Right: Keith Vanderlinde, National Science Foundation
Background: Oscar Schofield, Rutgers University, committee member

Copyright 2021 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26338.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×

Image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×

Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×

COMMITTEE ON A MID-TERM ASSESSMENT OF NSF PROGRESS ON THE 2015 STRATEGIC VISION FOR ANTARCTIC AND SOUTHERN OCEAN RESEARCH

OSCAR SCHOFIELD (Chair), Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ

AMY BARGER, University of Wisconsin–Madison

KELLY BRUNT,1 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD

ROBERT CLAUER, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg

INDRANI DAS, Columbia University, New York, NY

WILLIAM DETRICH, Northeastern University, Boston, MA

MICHAEL GOOSEFF, University of Colorado Boulder

KEN HALANYCH, University of North Carolina, Wilmington

MARK HALPERN, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

ALISON MURRAY, Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV

ERIC RIGNOT (NAS), University of California, Irvine

AMELIA SHEVENELL, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg

HELIO TAKAI, Pratt Institute, New York, NY

TERRY WILSON, The Ohio State University, Columbus

ERIC WOLFF, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

STEPHANIE JOHNSON, Study Director

LAURIE GELLER, Senior Program Officer, Polar Research Board

STEVEN MOSS, Program Officer, Board on Life Sciences

CALLA ROSENFELD, Senior Program Assistant

___________________

1 Resigned from the committee on June 24, 2021.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×

POLAR RESEARCH BOARD

DIANA WALL (Chair), Colorado State University, Fort Collins

LAWSON BRIGHAM, University of Alaska Fairbanks

PABLO CLEMENTE-COLÓN, National/Naval Ice Center, Suitland, MD

MICHAEL GOOSEFF, University of Colorado Boulder

NAGRUK HARCHAREK, UIC Lands, Barrow, AK

THEODORE A. SCAMBOS, University of Colorado Boulder

KRISTEN ST. JOHN, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA

LYNNE TALLEY, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, San Diego, CA

MERRITT TURETSKY, University of Colorado Boulder

ROSS VIRGINIA, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH

MARGARET WILLIAMS, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC

Ex-Officio

MATTHEW DRUCKENMILLER (Alternate U.S. Delegate to IASC), University of Colorado Boulder

DENEB KARENTZ (U.S. Delegate to SCAR), University of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA

ANDREY PETROV (Alternate U.S. Delegate to IASC), University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls

ALLAN WEATHERWAX (Alternate U.S. Delegate to SCAR), Merrimack College, North Andover, MA

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

AMANDA STAUDT, Board Director

LAURIE GELLER, Program Manager

LAUREN EVERETT, Senior Program Officer

APRIL MELVIN, Senior Program Officer

RITA GASKINS, Administrative Coordinator

ROB GREENWAY, Program Associate

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×

Reviewers

This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

CHARLES AMSLER, University of Alabama at Birmingham

ROBIN BELL, Columbia University

AMY BENDER, Argonne National Laboratory

CHRISTO BUIZERT, Oregon State University

JAMES T. HOLLIBAUGH, University of Georgia

CHRISTINA HULBE, University of Otago

TIMOTHY NAISH, Victoria University of Wellington

SEAN PLACE, Sonoma State University

CRISTINA TAKACS-VESBACH, University of New Mexico

ALLAN WEATHERWAX, Merrimack College

ROBERT WELLER, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Although these reviewers provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions and recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by W. BERRY LYONS (The Ohio State University) and KATHERINE H. FREEMAN (The Pennsylvania State University). They were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments received full consideration. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AGU American Geophysical Union
AISS Antarctic Integrated System Science
AOE Antarctic Organisms and Ecosystems
ATAC-seq Assay for Transposase-Accessible Chromatin using sequencing
AUV autonomous underwater vehicle
BART BICEP Array Replacement Tower
BICEP Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization
BRP U.S. Antarctic Program Blue Ribbon Panel
CMB cosmic microwave background
CMB-S4 CMB Stage IV
CRISPR clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats
DEI diversity, equity, and inclusion
DOE U.S. Department of Energy
EAIS East Antarctic Ice Sheet
GIA glacial isostatic adjustment
GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System
GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment
IDP Ice Drilling Program
INCLUDES Inclusion across the Nation of Communities of Learners of Underrepresented Discoverers in Engineering and Science
INSTANT SCAR Instabilities and Thresholds in Antarctica
IODP International Ocean Discovery Program
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
ITGC International Thwaites Glacier Collaboration
LTER Long-Term Ecological Research
MAPO Martin A. Pomerantz Observatory
MSRI Mid-Scale Research Infrastructure
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NERC UK Natural Environment Research Council
NIH National Institutes of Health
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NSF National Science Foundation
OPP Office of Polar Programs
PAUC Palmer Area Users’ Committee
POLENET Polar Earth Observing Network
R&D research and development
RCN Research Coordination Network
ROV remotely operated vehicle
SCAR Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
SOCCOM Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling
SPT South Pole Telescope
STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
USAP U.S. Antarctic Program
WAIS West Antarctic Ice Sheet
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26338.
×
Page R12
Next: Summary »
Mid-Term Assessment of Progress on the 2015 Strategic Vision for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $48.00 Buy Ebook | $38.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The Antarctic's unique environment and position on the globe make it a prime location to gain insights into how Earth and the universe operate. This report assesses National Science Foundation (NSF) progress in addressing three priority research areas identified in a 2015 National Academies report: (1) understanding the linkages between ice sheets and sea-level rise, including both a focus on current rates of ice sheet change and studies of past major ice sheet retreat episodes; (2) understanding biological adaptations to the extreme and changing Antarctic environment; and (3) establishing a next-generation cosmic microwave background (CMB) program, partly located in Antarctica, to study the origins of the universe.

NSF has made important progress understanding the impacts of current ice sheet change, particularly through studies focused on the ice sheet and ocean interactions driving ongoing ice mass loss at the Thwaites Glacier and Amundsen Sea region in West Antarctica. Less progress has been made on studies of past major ice sheet retreat episodes. Progress is also strong on CMB research to understand the origins of the universe. Progress has lagged on understanding biological adaptations, in part because of limited community organization and collaboration toward the priority. To accelerate progress during the second half of the initiative, NSF could issue specific calls for proposals, develop strategies to foster collaborations and partnerships, and commission a transparent review of logistical capacity to help illuminate strategies and priorities for addressing resource constraints. Such efforts would also help optimize science and proposal development in an environment of inherently constrained logistics.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!