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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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Investing in Resilient
Infrastructure in the
Gulf of Mexico

_____

Micah Lowenthal, Editor

Erin Mohres, Rapporteur

Office of Special Projects

Policy and Global Affairs

Gulf Research Program

Proceedings of a Workshop

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by the Gulf Research Program of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-68847-5
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-68847-7
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26559

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26559.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
×

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
×

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR INVESTING IN RESILIENT INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE GULF OF MEXICO

Members

DAVID E. DANIEL (Chair), University of Texas

THOMAS BOSTICK, Bostick Global Strategies

M. GRANGER MORGAN, Carnegie Mellon University

SARA ORTWEIN, XTO Energy, Exxon Mobil Corporation (retired)

Project Staff

MICAH LOWENTHAL, Senior Program Director

MONICA STARNES, Senior Program Officer

MEGHA KHADKA, Research Associate

TERI THOROWGOOD, Executive Assistant

CNA Workshop Designers and Facilitators

ERIN MOHRES, Project Lead and Lead Facilitator

SEBASTIAN BAE, Workshop Controller

ANGIE DE GROOT, Facilitator

ELEANORE DOUGLAS, Lead Analyst

MARK ROBERTS, Facilitator

YEE SAN SU, Advisor

RIDDHI SUVA, Facilitator

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Maria Honeycutt, The White House; Amanda Martin, State of North Carolina; David Owens, Da’VAS LLC; Hanadi Rifai, University of Houston; Charles Williams, Center for Offshore Safety (ret.); Roy Wright, Insurance Institute for Business and Home Safety.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Gerald Galloway (NAE), University of Maryland, College Park. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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PREFACE

The United States is embarking on a surge in investment in maintaining, improving, and replacing infrastructure. Some infrastructure grant programs will see their budgets increase by a factor of 10. These increases are temporary, and even when they are in effect they will be insufficient to fund all of the valuable infrastructure projects that would benefit the nation, so some prioritization will have to be done. These investments present opportunities, which may benefit or harm the lives of our people for the coming decades and beyond. To reap the benefits and avoid the harms, we need processes for informing those prioritization decisions with science, engineering, community involvement, and systems-level thinking that address needs that are changing with our changing environment and uses. As National Academy of Sciences’ President Marcia McNutt noted, the decisions and investments done right will save lives and figuratively pave the way to a more prosperous future.

Many of the federal programs that will receive major infusions of funds have mature processes for deciding among projects and proposals, but they generally only assess options within one sector and only rarely do they factor in the bigger picture of planning for different types of infrastructure or different societal functions or benefits. Because they anticipated this need, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine developed an initiative on infrastructure investment prioritization and decided to begin with an interactive workshop on investing in resilient infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico region. For this workshop, we convened topical experts, federal managers from multiple agencies, members of the affected communities, state governments, industry, and experts on the science and technology of infrastructure and of the stressors that we expect our infrastructure to face.

Typical workshops are more like symposia, with a series of talks and questions directed to the speakers. This infrastructure workshop was totally unlike those. The workshop began with two stage-setting talks, one from White House National Security Council Director for Resilience and Response Jason Tama, and one from former Commanding General of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Tom Bostick. Thereafter, CNA, a nonprofit research and analysis organization, facilitated discussions working through scenarios that the National Academies and CNA designed to explore infrastructure issues in the Gulf region. Because this was not a typical workshop, this summary does not look like a typical National Academies workshop proceedings; a sequential recounting of comments would not as accurately reflect the nature of the workshop as does this synthesis of the remarks, actions, and discussions. This also means that where the text says “Participants said that party X should do Y,” it does not necessarily reflect the consensus of all the participants and it is not a recommendation of the National Academies.

The National Academies are very pleased with the success of the Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico Workshop. It aligned with the National Academies and the Gulf Research Program’s (GRP) broader vision to support a safer, more resilient, and sustainable future for the Gulf and all those who call the region home, using science, engineering, and medical knowledge to empower its citizens and to enhance Gulf offshore energy safety, environmental protection and stewardship, and health and resilience. By demonstrating a structured process to identify valuable projects and develop a framework to prioritize

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
×

investments and seeking to harmonize national, regional, and local interests, this workshop took an important step toward supporting a more resilient Gulf region.

The Planning Committee for Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico Workshop provided essential guidance and feedback in the development of the workshop. The committee members minimized their participation on the group discussions to ensure that the organizers elicited views and ideas from the invitees rather than the planners. Erin Mohres and her team at CNA did an impressive job developing approaches to help participants work together on the issues that the National Academies identified and to support the overall institution’s and the GRP’s missions and goals, and they ran an excellent event from facilitation to materials. In particular, in addition to Ms. Mohres, Sebastian Bae, Angie De Groot, Eleanore Douglas (Dr. Douglas’s description of the decision framework she put together for this effort is in Appendix C), Mark Roberts, Yee San Su, and Riddhi Suva all made important contributions to the design and implementation of the workshop, and consequently to this proceedings. Monica Starnes, Megha Khadka, and Teri Thorowgood managed the overall project, including input and guidance on substantive content as well as logistical support. All of us foremost are grateful to the participants who brought their expertise, their enthusiasm, and their sense of purpose to this demonstration activity, grappling with engineering, social equity, interoperability, and changing climate.

This workshop should be just the first step in an exciting initiative. Please look out for future activities.

Micah Lowenthal
Director, Office of Special Projects
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26559.
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To help prioritize among possible investments to improve the resilience of built infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico region, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a diverse group of experts for a 3-day interactive workshop on November 15, 16, and 18, 2021. This workshop was held as communities surrounding the Gulf continue to experience frequent, destructive disasters, some infrastructure in the region continues to degrade or fail from exceeded capacity and delayed maintenance and replacement, and climate change threatens previously unimagined impacts. The workshop, titled Investing in Resilient Infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico, demonstrated and refined a process to help inform recommendations for prioritizing infrastructure investments across sectors and anchored in the Gulf region energy industry. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshop.

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