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Navigating an Electric Vehicle Future Raphael Apeaning and Kyra Howe, Rapporteurs Board on Energy and Environmental Systems Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences Proceedings of a Workshop
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PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR NAVIGATING AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE FUTURE GARY MARCHANT, Arizona State University, Chair CARLA BAILO, Center for Automotive Research NADY BOULES, NB Motors, LLC ZHENHONG LIN, Oak Ridge National Laboratory JOSHUA LINN, University of Maryland, College Park DEIDRE STAND, Wildcat Discovery Technologies ANNA STEFANOPOULOU, University of Michigan KATE WHITEFOOT, Carnegie Mellon University Staff CATHERINE WISE, Associate Program Officer KASIA KORNECKI, Program Officer JASMINE BRYANT, Program Assistant ELIZABETH ZEITLER, Associate Director REBECCA DeBOER, Research Assistant KYRA HOWE, Research Assistant, Rapporteur RAPHAEL APEANING, Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Graduate Fellow, Rapporteur (until November 2021) v
BOARD ON ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS JARED COHON, NAE,1 Carnegie Mellon University VICKY BAILEY, Anderson Stratton Enterprises, LCC CARLA BAILO, Center for Automotive Research DEEPAKRAJ DIVAN, NAE, Georgia Technology University MARCIUS EXTAVOUR, XPRIZE TJ GLAUTHIER, TH Glauthier Associates, LLC PAULA GLOVER, Alliance to Save Energy NAT GOLDHABER, Claremont Creek Ventures DENISE GRAY, LG Energy Solution Michigan Inc. Tech Center JOHN KASSAKIAN, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology BARBARA KATES-GARNICK, Tufts University ARATI PRABAHAKAR, NAE, Actuate JOSÃ SANTIESTEBAN, NAE, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering (retired) ALEXANDER SLOCUM, Massachusetts Institute of Technology GORDON VAN WELIE, NAE, ISO â New England DAVID VICTOR, University of California, San Diego, Deep Decarbonization Initiative JOHN WALL, Cummins, Inc. (retired) ROBERT WEISENMILLER, Robert Weisenmiller, LLC JETTA WONG, JLW Advising Staff K. JOHN HOLMES, Director/Scholar ELIZABETH ZEITLER, Associate Director BRENT HEARD, Program Officer KASIA KORNECKI, Program Officer CATHERINE WISE, Associate Program Officer REBECCA DeBOER, Research Assistant KYRA HOWE, Research Assistant JASMINE BRYANT, Program Assistant HEATHER LOZOWSKI, Financial Manager 1â Member, National Academy of Engineering. vi
Reviewers This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspec- tives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceed- ings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Nelson Kelly, Macomb Community College, Anna Stefanopoulou, University of Michigan, and Nancy Whiting, Transportation Research Board. Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by John Kassakian, NAE,1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this summary was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this summary rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies. 1â Member, National Academy of Engineering. vii
Contents SUMMARY OF WORKSHOP PRESENTATIONS 1 APPENDIXES A Workshop Agenda 29 B Biographies of Planning Committee Members 32 C Biographies of Workshop Speakers 36 D Workshop Registrants 49 E Acronyms and Abbreviations 61 ix