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Suggested Citation:"CONTENTS." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Airport Customer Facility Charges: Analysis of Laws, Regulations, and Case Law. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/27049.
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Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

CONTENTS I. Introduction, 3 II. What Are CFCs?, 3 A. CFCs Are Imposed and Controlled by the Airport Proprietor, 3 B. CFCs Are Collected from End-Users by RACs and Held in Trust for the Airport Proprietor, 4 C. CFCs Are Generally Used to Support Specific Ground Access Projects, 4 D. CFCs Are Distinct from Passenger Facility Charges, 4 III. State-Level Regulation of CFCs, 5 A. Alaska, 5 B. California, 6 C. Colorado, 6 D. Hawaii, 6 E. Illinois, 7 F. Nevada, 7 G. New York, 8 H. Pennsylvania, 8 I. Rhode Island, 8 J. Washington, 8 IV. Local Imposition of CFCs, 9 V. Treatment of CFCs Under State and Federal Law, 11 A. Challenges to the Imposition and Applicability of CFCs and Similar Fees, 12 B. Treatment of CFCs as Trust Property, 17 C. Applicability of FAA Grant Assurances, 18 D. Public Financing and Taxation, 19 E. Consumer Protection, 20 VI. Conclusion, 20 Appendix A. State Statutes Related to CFCs, 21 Appendix B. Examples of CFCs Imposed Locally by Law and/or Contract, 22 2 ACRP LRD 45

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Customer facility charges (CFCs) are imposed by airport proprietors on customers of rental car companies at airports to pay for capital and operating costs of rental car facilities. CFCs have relatively little federal regulatory oversight, and most are implemented through local municipal acts and/or contractual arrangements. Recently, challenges to the imposition and use of CFCs and other airport fees and charges have been mounted in several states.

ACRP Legal Research Digest 45: Airport Customer Facility Charges: Analysis of Laws, Regulations, and Case Law, from TRB's Airport Cooperative Research Program, examines legal issues arising under state and federal law from the imposition and use of CFCs. The digest includes an inventory of state-level authorizing legislation in jurisdictions that regulate CFCs. Judicial decisions regarding the collection and use of CFCs and related issues are also analyzed.

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