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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

References

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

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Barnett, T., and P. Blaikie 1992 AIDS in Africa: Its Present and Future Impact. London, UK: Belhaven Press.


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Caldwell, J.C., P. Caldwell, E.M. Ankrah, J.K. Anarfi, D.K. Agyeman, K. Awusabo-Asare, and I.O. Orubuloye 1993 African families and AIDS: Context, reactions and potential interventions. Health Transition Review 3(Supplement):1-16.

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Cohen, J. 1993 Jitters jeopardize AIDS vaccine trials. Science 262(5136):980-981.

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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

female professional sex workers in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 6(12):1358-1363.

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Hassig, S.E., J. Perriens, E. Baende, M. Kahotwa, K. Bishagara, N. Kinkela, and B. Kapita 1990 An analysis of the economic impact of HIV infection among patients at Mama Yemo Hospital, Kinshasa, Zaire. AIDS 4(9):883-887.


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Lurie, P., P. Hintzen, and R.A. Lowe 1995a Socioeconomic obstacles to HIV prevention and treatment in developing countries: the roles of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. AIDS 9(6):539-546.

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Mann, J., D.J.M. Tarantola, and T.W. Netter, eds. 1992 AIDS in the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Mulder, D.W., A.J. Nunn, A. Kamali, J. Nakiyingi, H.U. Wagner, and J.F. Kengeya-Kayondo 1994a Two-year HIV-1-associated mortality in a Ugandan rural population. The Lancet 343(8904):1021-1023.

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Piot, P., M. Laga, R. Ryder, J. Perriens, M. Temmerman, W. Heyward, and J.W. Curran 1990 The global epidemiology of HIV infection: Continuity, heterogeneity, and change. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 3(4):403-412.

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Sewankambo, N.K., M.J. Wawer, R.H. Gray, D. Serwadda, C. Li, R.Y. Stallings, S.D. Musgrave, and J. Konde-Lule 1994 Demographic impact of HIV infection in rural Rakai District, Uganda: Results of a population-based cohort study. AIDS 8(10):1707-1713.

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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

1995 The current global situation of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Weekly Epidemiological Record 70(2):7-8.

CHAPTER 2: SOCIETAL CONTEXT

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Barrère, B., J. Schoemaker, M. Barrère, T. Habiyakare, A. Kabagwira, and M. Ngendakumana 1994 Enquête Démographique et de Santé: Rwanda, 1992. Kigali, Rwanda: Office National de la Population; Calverton, MD: Macro International.

Bledsoe, C.H. and B. Cohen, eds. 1993 Social Dynamics of Adolescent Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa . Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Bwayo, J.J., A.N. Mutere, M.A. Omari, J.K. Kreiss, W. Jaoko, C. Sekkade-Kigondu, and F.A. Plummer 1991a Long distance truck drivers: 2. Knowledge and attitudes concerning sexually transmitted diseases and sexual behaviour. East African Medical Journal 68(9):714-719.

Bwayo, J.J., A.M. Omari, A.N. Mutere, W. Jaoko, C. Sekkade-Kigondo, J. Kreiss, and F.A. Plummer 1991b Long distance truck-drivers: 1. Prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). East African Medical Journal 68(6):425-429.


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Caldwell, J.C., P. Caldwell, and I.O. Orubuloye 1992 The family and sexual networking in sub-Saharan Africa: Historical regional differences and present-day implications. Population Studies 46(3):385-410.

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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

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Carswell, J.W., G. Lloyd, and J. Howells 1989 Prevalence of HIV-1 in east African lorry drivers. AIDS 3(11):759-761.

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de Zalduondo, B.O., M.H. Avila, and P.U. Zuñiga 1991 Intervention research needs for AIDS prevention among commercial sex workers and their clients. Pp. 165-178 in L.C. Chen, J.S. Amor, and S.J. Segal, eds., AIDS and Women's Reproductive Health. New York: Plenum Press.

Denis, F., F. Barin, G. Gershy-Damet, J.L. Rey, M. Lhuillier, M. Mounier, G. Leonard, A. Sangare, A. Goudeau, S. M'Boup, M. Essex, and P. Kanki 1987 Prevalence of human T-lymphotropic retroviruses Type III (HIV) and Type IV in Ivory Coast. The Lancet 1(8530):408-411.

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Federal Office of Statistics [Nigeria] 1992 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 1990. Columbia, MD: Institute for Resource Development/Macro International.


Gaisie, K., A.R. Cross, and G. Nsemukila 1993 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey, 1992. Lusaka, Zambia: University of Zambia, and Central Statistical Office; Columbia, MD: Macro International.

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Ghana Statistical Service 1989 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, 1988. Columbia, MD: Institute for Resource Development/Macro Systems.

Goldman, N., and A. Pebley 1989 The demography of polygyny in sub-Saharan Africa. Pp. 212-237 in R.J. Lesthaeghe, ed., Reproduction and Social Organization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

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Handsfield, H.H. 1991 New macrolides in the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Abstract C-20-272.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

9th International Meeting of the International Society for STD Research, 6-9 October, Banff, Alberta, Canada.

Handsfield, H.H., W.M. McCormack, E.W. Hook III, J.M. Douglas Jr., J.M. Covino, M.S. Verdon, C.A. Reichart, and J.M. Ehret 1991 A comparison fo single-dose cefixime with ceftriaxone as treatment for uncomplicated gonorrhea. The Gonorrhea Treatment Study Group. New England Journal of Medicine 325(19):1337-1341.

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Hogsborg, M., and P. Aaby 1992 Sexual relations, use of condoms and perceptions of AIDS in an urban area of Guinea-Bissau with a high prevalence of HIV-2. Pp. 203-231 in T. Dyson, ed., Sexual Behaviour and Networking: Anthropological and Socio-cultural Studies on the Transmission of HIV. Liège, Belgium: Editions Derouaux-Ordina.

Hudson, C.P. 1993 Concurrent partners and the results of the Uganda Rakai project. AIDS 7(2):286-288.

Hunt, C.W. 1989 Migrant labor and sexually transmitted disease: AIDS in Africa. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 30(4):353-373.


Jochleson, K., M. Mothibeli, and J.-P. Leger 1991 Human immunodeficiency virus and migrant labor in South Africa. International Journal of Health Services 21(1):157-173.

Jones, R.B., and J.N. Wasserheit 1991 Introduction to the biology and natural history of sexually transmitted diseases . Pp. 11-37 in J.N. Wasserheit, S.O. Aral, and K.K. Holmes, eds., Research Issues in Human Behavior and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the AIDS Era. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology.


Kaijuka, E.M., E.Z.A. Kaija, A.R. Cross, and E. Loaiza 1989 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey, 1988/1989. Entebbe, Uganda: Ministry of Health and Makerere University; Columbia, MD: Macro Systems.

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Larson, A. 1989 Social context of human immunodeficiency virus transmission in Africa: Historical and cultural bases of east and central African sexual relations. Review of Infectious Diseases 11(5):716-731.

Lurie, P., P. Hintzen, and R.A. Lowe 1995 Socioeconomic obstacles to HIV prevention and treatment in developing countries: the roles of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. AIDS 9(6):539-546.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Mann, J., D.J.M. Tarantola, and T.W. Netter, eds. 1992 AIDS in the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Martin, D.H., T.F. Mroczkowski, Z.A. Dalu, J. McCarty, R.B. Jones, S.J. Hopkins, and R.B. Johnson. 1992 A controlled trial of a single dose of azithromycin for the treatment of chlamydial urethritis and cervicitis. The azithromycin for chlamydial infections study group. New England Journal of Medicine 327(13):921-925.

McGinn, T., A. Bamba, and A. Balma 1989 Male knowledge, use and attitudes regarding family planning in Burkina Faso. International Family Planning Perspectives 15(3):84-87.

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Morris, M.W., N. Sewankambo, M. Wawer, D. Serwadda, and B. Lainjo 1995 Concurrent partnerships and HIV transmission in Rakai District, Uganda. Abstract. IXth International Conference on AIDS and STDs in Africa, December 10-14, 1995, Kampala, Uganda.


National Council for Population and Development [Kenya] 1994 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 1993. Nairobi, Kenya: Central Bureau of Statistics; Calverton, MD: Macro International.

Ndiaye, S., P.D. Diouf, and M. Ayad 1994 Enquête Démographique et de Santé au Sénégal (EDS-II), 1992/93 . Dakar, Senegal: Ministère de l'Economie; Calverton, MD: Macro International.

Neequaye, A.R., L. Osei, J.A.A. Mingle, G. Ankra-Badu, C. Bentsi, A. Asamoah-Adu, and J.E. Neequaye 1988 Dynamics of human immune deficiency virus (HIV) epidemic--the Ghanaian experience. Pp. 9-15 in A.F. Fleming, M. Carballo, D.W. FitzSimons, M.R. Bailey, and J. Mann, eds., The Global Impact of AIDS. New York: Alan R. Liss.

Ngallaba, S., S.H. Kapiga, I. Ruyobya, and J.T. Boerma 1993 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey, 1991/1992. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Bureau of Statistics; Columbia, MD: Macro International.


Obbo, C. 1993 HIV transmission through social and geographic networks in Uganda. Social Science & Medicine 36(7):949-955.

Ogbu, O., and M. Gallagher 1992 Public expenditures and health care in Africa. Social Science & Medicine 34(6):615-624.

Okoth-Ogendo, H.W.O. 1991 Africa's migrant millions. People 18(4):24-26.

Omara-Otunnu, A. 1987 Politics and the Military in Uganda 1890-1985. Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK: Macmillan Press.

Orubuloye, I.O., J.C. Caldwell, and P. Caldwell 1990 Experimental Research on Sexual Networking in the Ekiti District of Nigeria. Health Transition Working Paper No. 3. Canberra, Australia: Health Transition Centre, Australian National University.

1991 Sexual networking in the Ekiti district of Nigeria. Studies in Family Planning 22(2):61-73.

1992 Diffusion and focus in sexual networking: Identifying partners and partners' partners. Studies in Family Planning 23(6):343-351.

1994 Sexual Networking and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Behavioural Research and the Social Context. Canberra: Health Transition Centre, Australian National University.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Orubuloye, I.O., P. Caldwell, and J.C. Caldwell 1993 The role of high-risk occupations in the spread of AIDS: Truck drivers and itinerant market women in Nigeria. International Family Planning Perspectives 19(2):43-48.

Oucho, J.O., and W.T.S. Gould 1993 Internal migration, urbanization, and population distribution. Pp. 256-296 in K.A. Foote, K.H. Hill, and L.G. Martin, eds., Demographic Change in Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.


Pebley, A.R., and W. Mbugua 1989 Polygyny and fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Pp. 338-364 in R.J. Lesthaeghe, ed., Reproduction and Social Organization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Pepin, J., F.A. Plummer, R.C. Brunham, P. Piot, D.W. Cameron, and A.R. Ronald 1989 The interaction of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases: An opportunity for intervention. AIDS 3(1):3-9.

Philips, I., A. King, and K. Shannon 1988 In vitro properties of the quinolones. Pp. 83-117 in V.T. Andriole, ed., The Quinolones. London, UK: Academic Press.

Piot, P., and R. Tezzo 1990 The epidemiology of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in the developing world. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases Supplementum 69:89-97.

Plourde, P.J., F.A. Plummer, M. Tyndall, E. Agoki, J. Mobete, L.A. Slaney, L.J. D'Costa, and J.O. Ndinya-Achola 1991 A randomized, open-label study of the efficacy of single dose cefixime vs. single dose ceftriaxone in the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhoea. Abstract C-20-006. 9th International Meeting of the International Society for STD Research, October 6-9, Banff, Alberta, Canada.

Preston-Whyte, E. 1994 Gender and the lost generation: The dynamics of HIV transmission among black South African teenagers in KwaZulu/Natal. Health Transition Review 4(Supplement):241-255.


Quinn, T.C. 1994 Population migration and the spread of types 1 and 2 human immunodeficiency viruses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 91(7):2407-2414.


Rothenberg, R.B., and J.J. Potterat 1990 Strategies for management of sex partners. Pp. 1081-1086 in K.K. Holmes, P.A. Mardh, and P.F. Sparling, eds., Sexually Transmitted Diseases. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Rutenberg, N., A.K. Blanc, and S. Kapiga 1994 Sexual behaviour, social change, and family planning among men and women in Tanzania. Health Transition Review 4(Supplement):173-196.


Schoepf, B.G. 1988 Women, AIDS, and the economic crisis in Central Africa. Canadian Journal of African Studies 22(3):625-644.

1992 Sex, gender and society in Zaire. Pp. 353-375 in T. Dyson, ed., Sexual Behaviour and Networking: Anthropological and Socio-cultural Studies on the Transmission of HIV. Liège, Belgium: Editions Derouaux-Ordina.

Serwadda, D., M.J. Wawer, S.D. Musgrave, N.K. Sewankambo, J.E. Kaplan and R.H. Gray 1992 HIV risk factors in three geographic strata of rural Rakai district, Uganda. AIDS 6(9):983-989.

Smallman-Raynor, M.R., and A.D. Cliff 1991 Civil war and the spread of AIDS in central Africa. Epidemiology and Infection 107(1):69-80.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Ssengonzi, R., M. Morris, N. Sewankambo, M. Wawer, and D. Serwadda 1995 Economic status and sexual networks in Rakai District, Uganda. Abstract. IXth International Conference on AIDS and STDs in Africa, December 10-14, 1995, Kampala, Uganda.

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Wasserheit, J.N. 1992 Epidemiological synergy: Interrelationships between human immunodeficiency virus infection and other sexually transmitted diseases. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 19(2):61-77.

Wawer, M.J., D. Serwadda, S.D. Musgrave, J.K. Konde-Lule, M. Musagara, and N.K. Sewankambo 1991 Dynamics of spread of HIV-1 infection in a rural district of Uganda. British Medical Journal 303(6813):1303-1306.

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CHAPTER 3: EPIDEMIOLOGY OF THE HIV/AIDS EPIDEMIC

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Damiba, A.E., S.H. Vermund, and K.F. Kelly 1990 The trend of reported gonorrhoea and urethritis incidence in Burkina Faso from 1978-1983. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene 84(1):132-135.

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×

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×

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×

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×

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×

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CHAPTER 4: SEXUAL BEHAVIOR ANDHIV/AIDS

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Awusabo-Asare, K., J.K. Anarfi, and D.K. Agyeman 1993 Women's control over their sexuality and the spread of STDs and HIV/AIDS in Ghana. Health Transition Review 3(Supplement):69-84.


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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Bledsoe, C. 1990 Transformations in sub-Saharan African marriage and fertility. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 510(July):115-125.

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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Cook, L.S., L.A. Koutsky, and K.K. Holmes 1994 Circumcision and sexually transmitted diseases. American Journal of Public Health 84(2):197-201.

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de Vincenzi, I., and T. Mertens 1994 Male circumcision: a role in HIV prevention? AIDS 8(2):153-160.


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Ferry, B. 1995b Risk factors related to HIV transmission: Sexually transmitted diseases, alcohol consumption and medically-related injections. Pp. 193-207 in J. Cleland and B. Ferry, eds., Sexual Behaviour and AIDS in the Developing World. London: Taylor and Francis.


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Hogsborg, M., and P. Aaby 1992 Sexual relations, use of condoms and perceptions of AIDS in an urban area of Guinea-Bissau with a high prevalence of HIV-2. Pp. 203-231 in T. Dyson, ed., Sexual Behaviour and Networking: Anthropological and Socio-cultural Studies on the Transmission of HIV. Liège, Belgium: Editions Derouaux-Ordina.

Hunter, D.J., B.N. Maggwa, J.K.G. Mati, P.M. Tukei, and S. Mbugua 1994 Sexual behavior, sexually transmitted diseases, male circumcision and risk of HIV infection among women in Nairobi, Kenya. AIDS 8(1):93-99.


Ingham, R. 1995 AIDS: Knowledge, Awareness and Attitudes. Pp. 43-74 in J.G. Cleland and B. Ferry, eds., Sexual Behaviour and AIDS in the Developing World. London, UK: Taylor & Francis.

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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

1994 Evaluation du Projet de Prevention de la Transmission du SIDA par Voie Sexuelle auprès des Populations à Risque. Yaoundé, Cameroon: Institut de Recherche et des Études de Comportements (IRESCO).

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Kaijage, F.J. 1994a HIV/AIDS and the orphan crisis in Kagera region: Socio-economic, cultural, and historic dimensions. Unpublished background paper prepared for the USAID/Tanzania AIDS Project's Family Needs Assessment Report, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Department of History, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

1994b HIV/AIDS and the problem of orphans in Arusha region. Unpublished background paper prepared for the USAID/Tanzania AIDS Project's Family Needs Assessment Report, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Department of History, University of Dar es Salaam , Tanzania.

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Larson, A. 1989 The Social Context of HIV Transmission in Africa. Health Transition Centre Working Paper No. 1. Canberra, Australia: Health Transition Centre, Australian National University.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Lesthaeghe, R.J. 1989 Production and reproduction in sub-Saharan Africa: An overview of organizing principles. Pp. 13-59 in R.J. Lesthaeghe, ed., Reproduction and Social Organization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Lindan, C., S. Allen, M. Caraël, F. Nsengumuremyi, P. Van de Perre, A. Serufilira, J. Tice, D. Black, T. Coates, and S. Hulley 1991 Knowledge, attitudes, and perceived risk of AIDS among urban Rwandan women: Relationship to HIV infection and behavior change. AIDS 5(8):993-1002.

Lurie, P., M. Bishaw, M.A. Chesney, M. Cooke, M.E.L. Fernandes, N. Hearst, E. Katongole-Mbidde, S. Koetsawang, C.P. Lindan, J. Mandel, M. Mhloyi, and T.J. Coates 1994 Ethical, behavioral, and social aspects of HIV vaccine trials in developing countries. Journal of the American Medical Association 271(4):295-301.


Meekers, D. 1992 The process of marriage in African societies: A multiple indicator approach. Population and Development Review 18(1):61-78.

1994 Sexual initiation and premarital childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa. Population Studies 48(1):47-64.

Mehryar, A. 1995 Condoms: Awareness, attitudes, and use. Pp. 124-156 in J. Cleland and B. Ferry, eds., Sexual Behaviour and AIDS in the Developing World . London. Taylor & Francis.

Mertens, T.E., and M. Caraël 1995 Sexually transmitted diseases, genital hygiene, and male circumcision may be associated: a working hypothesis for HIV prevention . Health Transition Review 5(1):104-108.

Messersmith, L.J., T.T. Kane, A.I. Odebiyi, and A.A. Adewuyi 1994 Patterns of sexual behaviour and condom use in Ile-Ife, Nigeria: Implications for AIDS/STD prevention and control. Health Transition Review 4(Supplement):197-216.

Meursing, K., T. Vos, O. Coutinho, M. Moyo, S. Mpofu, O. Oneko, V. Mundy, S. Dubc, T. Mahlangu, and F. Sibindi Forth-Child sexual abuse in Matabeleland, Zimbabwe. Social Science & Medicine. coming

Moses, S., J.A. Bradley, N.J.D. Nagelkerke, A.R. Ronald, J.O. Ndinya-Achola, and F.A. Plummer 1990 Geographical patterns of male circumcision practices in Africa: association with HIV seroprevalence. International Journal of Epidemiology 19(3):693-697.

Moses, S., F.A. Plummer, J.E. Bradley, J.O. Ndinya-Achola, N.J.D. Nagelkerke, and A.R. Ronald 1995 Male circumcision and the AIDS epidemic in Africa. Health Transition Review 5(1):100-103.


National Council for Population and Development [Kenya] 1994 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 1993. Nairobi, Kenya: Central Bureau of Statistics; Calverton, MD: Macro International.

Ndiaye, S., P.D. Diouf, and M. Ayad 1994 Enquête Démographique et de Santé au Sénégal (EDS-II), 1992/93 . Dakar, Senegal: Ministère de l'Economie; Calverton, MD: Macro International.

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O'Toole Erwin, J. 1993 Reproductive tract infections among women in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria: Symptoms recognition, perceived causes and treatment choices. Health Transition Review 3(Supplement):135-149.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Obbo, C. 1993a HIV transmission: Men are the solution. Population and Environment 14(3):211-243.

1993b HIV transmission through social and geographical networks in Uganda. Social Science & Medicine 36(7):949-955.

Ogbuagu, S.C., and J.O. Charles 1993 Survey of sexual networking in Calabar. Health Transition Review 3(Supplement):105-119.

Okie, S. 1993 Mutilation and rape 'normal' for girls. Toronto Star, April 7, A15.

Olowo-Freers, B.P.A., and T.G. Barton 1992 In Pursuit of Fulfillment: Studies of Cultural Diversity and Sexual Behaviour in Uganda. Kampala, Uganda: UNICEF.

Omorodion, F.I. 1993 Sexual networking among market women in Benin City, Bendel State, Nigeria. Health Transition Review 3(Supplement):159-169.

Orubuloye, I.O., J.C. Caldwell, and P. Caldwell 1990 Experimental Research on Sexual Networking in the Ekiti District of Nigeria. Health Transition Working Paper No. 3., 1990. Canberra, Australia: Health Transition Centre, Australian National University.

1991 Sexual networking in the Ekiti district of Nigeria. Studies in Family Planning 22(2):61-73.

1992 Diffusion and focus in sexual networking: Identifying partners and partners' partners. Studies in Family Planning 23(6):343-351.

1993 African women's control over their sexuality in an era of AIDS: A study of the Yoruba of Nigeria. Social Science & Medicine 37(7):859-872.

Oyeneye, O.Y., and S. Kawonise 1993 Sexual networking in Ijebu-Ode, Nigeria: An exploratory study. Health Transition Review 3(Supplement):171-183.


Phits'ane, K. 1994 AIDS soars in Lesotho. Southern African Political and Economic Monthly 7(9):10-11.

Pickering, H., J. Todd, D. Dunn, J. Pepin, and A. Wilkins 1992 Prostitutes and their clients: A Gambian survey. Social Science & Medicine 34(1):75-88.

Pickering H., and H.A. Wilkins 1993 Do unmarried women in African towns have to sell sex, or is it a matter of choice? Health Transition Review 3(Supplement):17-27.

Preston-Whyte, E. 1994 Gender and the lost generation: The dynamics of HIV transmission among black South African teenagers in KwaZulu Natal. Health Transition Review 4(Supplement):241-255.


Rutenberg, N., A.K. Blanc, and S. Kapiga 1994 Sexual behaviour, social change, and family planning among men and women in Tanzania. Health Transition Review 4(Supplement):173-196.


Sandala, L., P. Lurie, M.R. Sunkutu, E.M. Chani, E.S. Hudes, and N. Hearst 1995 'Dry sex' and HIV infection among women attending a sexually transmitted diseases clinic in Lusaka, Zambia. AIDS 9(supplement 1):S61-S68.

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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Segamba, L., V. Ndikumasabo, C. Makinson, and M. Ayad 1988 Enquête Démographique et de Santé au Burundi, 1987. Gitega, Burundi: Ministère de l'Intérieur; Columbia, MD: Institute for Resource Development/Westinghouse.

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Ulin, P.R. 1992 African women and AIDS: Negotiating behavioral change. Social Science & Medicine 34(1):63-73.


van de Walle, E. 1993 Recent trends in marriage ages. Pp. 117-152 in K.A. Foote, K.H. Hill, and L.G. Martin, eds., Demographic Change in Sub-Saharan Africa . Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

van de Walle, E., and F. van de Walle 1991 Breastfeeding and popular aetiology in the Sahel. Health Transition Review 1(1):69-81.

Vos, T. 1994 Attitudes to sex and sexual behaviour in rural Matabeleland, Zimbabwe. AIDS Care 6(2):193-203.


Wilson, D., R. Greenspan, and C. Wilson 1989 Knowledge about AIDS and self-reported behaviour among Zimbabwean secondary school pupils. Social Science & Medicine 28(9):957-961.

CHAPTER 5: PRIMARY HIV-PREVENTION STRATEGIES

Allen, S., A. Serufilira, J. Bongaarts, P. Van de Perre, F. Nsengumuremyi, C. Lindan, M. Carael, W. Wolf, T. Coates, and S. Hulley 1992a Confidential HIV testing and condom promotion in Africa: Impact on HIV and gonorrhea rates. Journal of the American Medical Association 268(23):3338-3343.

Allen, S., J. Tice, P. Van de Perre, A. Serufilira, E. Hudes, F. Nsengumuremyi, J. Bogaarts, C. Lindan, and S. Hully 1992b Effect of serotesting with counselling on condom use and seroconversion among HIV discordant couples in Africa. British Medical Journal. 304(6842):1605-1609.

Ankomah, B. 1994 AIDS: More revelations. New African 319(May):9-11.

Ankrah, E.M. 1994 Empowering women may help retard HIV. Network 15(12):20-21. Research Triangle Park, NC: Family Health International.

Asamoah-Adu, A., S. Weir, M. Pappoe, N. Kanlisi, A. Neequaye, and P. Lamptey 1994 Evaluation of a targeted AIDS prevention intervention to increase condom use among prostitutes in Ghana. AIDS 8(2):239-246.


Barton, T. 1993 The District Speak-Out: A Preliminary Community Planning Workshop in Uganda. Kampala, Uganda: UNICEF.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Beaton, G.H., R. Martorell, K.J. Aronson, B. Edmonston, G. McCabe, A.C. Ross, and B. Harvey 1993 Effectiveness of Vitamin A Supplementation in the Control of Young Child Morbidity and Mortality in Developing Countries. United Nations Administrative Committee on Coordination/SubCommittee on Nutrition State-of-the-Art Series Nutrition Policy Discussion Paper No. 13. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto.

Bulterys, M., A. Chao, P. Habimana, A. Dushimimana, P. Newrocki, and A. Saah 1994 Incident HIV-1 infection in a cohort of young women in Butare, Rwanda. AIDS 8(11):1585-1591.


Caravano, K. 1991 More than mothers and whores: redefining the AIDS preemption needs of women. International Journal of Health Services 21(1):131-142.

Cates, W. and A.R. Hinman 1992 AIDS and absolutism--the demand for perfection in prevention. The New England Journal of Medicine 327(7):492-494.

Centers for Disease Control 1994 Zidovudine for the prevention of HIV transmission from mother to infant. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 43(16):285-287.

Choi, K.H., and T.J. Coates 1994 Prevention of HIV infection. AIDS 8(10):1371-1389.

Cleland, J., J.F. Phillips, S. Amin, and G.M. Kamal 1994 The Determinants of Reproductive Change in Bangladesh: Success in a Challenging Environment. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

Coates, T. 1993 Prevention of HIV-1 Infection: accomplishments and priorities. Journal of NIH Research 5(7):73-76.

Cohen, J. 1995 Bringing AZT to poor countries. Science 269(5224):624-626.

Coutsoudis, A., R.A. Bobat, H.M. Coovadia, L. Kuhn, W.Y. Tsai, and Z.A. Stein 1995 The effects of vitamin A supplementation on the morbidity of children born to HIV-infected women. American Journal of Public Health 85(8):1076-1081.

Coyle, S.L., R.F. Boruch, and C.F. Turner, eds. 1991 Evaluating AIDS Prevention Programs, Expanded Edition. Panel on the Evaluation of AIDS Interventions, Committee on AIDS Research and the Behavioral, Social, and Statistical Sciences, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Crump, S. 1995 The Quality of Evaluation Research on HIV Prevention Strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa. Unpublished Master's thesis. Atlanta, GA: School of Public Health, Emory University.


Delehanty, D. 1993 AIDS: Providing a coping mechanism. Trickle Up Continent Report (Asia, 1993):9. New York: Trickle Up Program.

De Zoysa, I., K. Phillips, M.C. Kamenga, K. O'Reilly, M. Sweat, R. White, O. Grinstead, and T. Coates 1995 Role of HIV counselling and testing in changing risk behavior in developing countries. AIDS 9(Supplement A):S95-S101.

du Guerny, J., and E. Sjöberg 1993 Inter-relationship between gender relations and the HIV/AIDS epidemic: some possible considerations for policies and programmes. AIDS 7(8):1027-1034.


Elias, C.J., and L.L. Heise 1994 Challenges for the development of female-controlled vaginal microbicides. AIDS 8(1):1-9.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Faden, R.R., G. Geller, and M. Powers, eds. 1991 AIDS, Women and the Next Generation: Towards a Morally Acceptable Public Policy for HIV Testing of Pregnant Women and Newborns. New York : Oxford University Press.

Family Health International/AIDSCAP Project 1992 USAID HIV/AIDS Database Report. Arlington, VA: Family Health International.

1994 AIDSCAP Project Annual Report. Arlington, VA: Family Health International.

1995 AIDSCAP Behavioral Change and Communication Theoretical Framework . Arlington, VA: Family Health International.

Ford, N., A. Ankomah, A.F. D'Auriol, E. Davies, and E. Mathie 1992 Review of Literature on the Health and Behavioural Outcomes of Population and Family Planning Education Programmes in School Settings in Developing Countries. Unpublished review commissioned by the World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS. Geneva: World Health Organization.


Gebru, A., Y. Workeneh, D. Flanagan, and A. Kebret 1990 A pilot project for AIDS/STD education in Ethiopian schools. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 4(2):231-237.

Grosskurth, H., F. Mosha, J. Todd, E. Mwijarubi, A. Klokke, K. Senkoro, P. Mayaud, J. Changalucha, A. Nicoll, G. ka-Gina, J. Newell, K. Mugeye, D. Mabey, and R. Hayes 1995 Impact of improved treatment of sexually transmitted diseases on HIV infection in rural Tanzania: Randomised controlled trial. The Lancet 346(8974):530-536.

Grunseit, A., and S. Kippax 1993 Effects of Sex Education on Young People's Sexual Behavior. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS.

Gupta, G.R., and E. Weiss 1993 Women's lives and sex: Implications for AIDS prevention. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 17(4):399-412.


Hanenberg, R.S., W. Rojanapithayakorn, P. Kunasol, and D.C. Sokal 1994 Impact on Thailand's HIV-control programme as indicated by the decline of sexually transmitted diseases. The Lancet 344(8917):243-245.

Hankins, C.A., and M.A. Handley 1992 HIV disease and AIDS in women: Current knowledge and a research agenda. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 5(10):957-971.

Heise, L.L., and C. Elias 1995 Transforming AIDS prevention to meet women's needs: A focus on developing countries. Social Science & Medicine 40(7):931-943.

Herdt, G., and A.M. Boxer 1991 Ethnographic issues in the study of AIDS. Journal of Sex Research 28(2):171-187.

Hess, L.L. 1993 Prevention is still the best medicine: Condom social marketing campaign changes attitudes and actions in Guinea. Front Lines 33(8):6-7. Washington, DC: U.S. Agency for International Development.

Higgins, D.L., C. Galavotti, K.R. O'Reilly, D.J. Schnell, M. Moore, D.L. Rugg, and R. Johnson 1991 Evidence for the effects of HIV antibody counseling and testing on risk behaviors. Journal of the American Medical Association 266(17):2419-2429.

Holland, J., C. Ramazanoglu, S. Scott, S. Sharpe, and R. Thomson 1994 Methodological issues in researching young women's sexuality. Pp. 219-239 in M. Boulton, ed., Challenge and Innovation: Methodological Advances in Social Research on HIV/AIDS. London, UK: Taylor & Francis.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Kagimu, M., E. Marum, and D. Serwadda 1995 Planning and evaluating strategies for AIDS Health Education Interventions in the Muslim community in Uganda. AIDS Education and Prevention 7(1):10-21.

Kamenga, M., R.W. Ryder, M. Jingu, N. Mbuyi, L. Mbu, F. Behets, C. Brown, and W.L. Heyward 1991 Evidence of marked sexual behavior change associated with low HIV-1 seroconversion in 149 married couples with discordant HIV-1 serostatus: experience at an HIV counselling center in Zaire. AIDS 5(1):61-67.

Katende, M., and R. Bunnell 1993 Involving communities through feedback on evaluation. AIDS Health Promotion Exchange 4:4-5. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Royal Tropical Institute (KIT).

Kirby, D., L. Short, J. Collins, D. Rugg, L. Kolbe, M. Howard, B. Miller, F. Sonenstein, and L.S. Zabin 1994 School-based programs to reduce sexual risk behaviors: A review of effectiveness. Public Health Reports 109(3):339-360.

Klepp, K.I., S.S. Ndeki, A.M. Seha, P. Hannan, B.A. Lyimo., M.H. Msuya, M.N. Irema, and A. Schreiner 1994 AIDS education for primary school children in Tanzania: An evaluation study. AIDS 8(8):1157-1162.

Konde-Lule, J.K., M.J. Wawer, and B. Lainjo 1994 Condom Use in Young Adults in Rural Uganda. Abstract No. PC0505, Volume 10(2):282. Xth International Conference on AIDS, August 7-12, Yokohama, Japan.

Kreiss, J.K., D. Koech, F.A. Plummer, K.K. Holmes, M. Lightfoote, P. Piot, A.R. Ronald, J.O. Ndinya-Achola, L.J. D'Costa, P. Roberts, E.N. Ngugi, and T.C. Quinn 1986 AIDS virus infection in Nairobi prostitutes: Spread of the epidemic to East Africa. New England Journal of Medicine 314(7):414-418.

Krynen, P. 1994 Rethinking AIDS: Africa's Answer to Western Controlled Health Programmes. Unpublished paper. Victoria Programme, Partage, Tanzania.


Laga, M., M. Alary, N. Nzila, A.T. Manoka, M. Tuliza, F. Behets, J. Goeman, M. St. Louis, and P. Piot 1994 Condom promotion, sexually transmitted diseases treatment, and declining incidence of HIV-1 infection in female Zairian sex workers. The Lancet 344(8917):246-248.

Laga, M., N. Nzila, and J. Goeman 1991 The interrelationship of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infection: implications for the control of both epidemics in Africa. AIDS 5(Supplement):S55-S63.

Lamptey, P. 1994 Slowing AIDS: Lessons from a decade of prevention efforts. AIDS Captions August:2-4. Arlington, VA: Family Health International/AIDSCAP.

Lamptey, P., and T.J. Coates 1994 Community-Based AIDS Interventions in Africa. Pp. 513-531 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa . New York: Raven Press.

Lamptey, P., T. Coates, G. Slutkin, and P. Piot 1993 HIV prevention: Is it working? Plenary address to IXth International Conference on AIDS/IVth STD World Congress, Berlin, Germany. June 7-11.

Lamptey, P., and M. Potts 1990 Targeting prevention programs in Africa. Pp. 144-180 in P. Lamptey and P. Piot, eds. The Handbook for AIDS Prevention in Africa. Research Triangle Park, NC: Family Health International.

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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Levine, C. 1991 AIDS and the ethics of human subjects research. Pp. 77-104 in F.G. Reamer, ed., AIDS and Ethics. New York: Columbia University Press.

Liskin, L., C. Wharton, and R. Blackburn 1990 Condoms: Now more than ever. Population Reports 23(3)(Series H., No. 8):1-36.

Loodts, P., and P. Van de Perre 1989 STD/HIV prevention, education and promotion of condom use among military recruits in Rwanda. Kigale, Rwanda: National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Defense.


Mann, J., D.J.M. Tarantola, T.W. Netter, eds. 1992 AIDS in the World: The Global AIDS Policy Coalition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

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McCombie, S., and R. Hornik 1992 Evaluation of a Workplace-Based Peer Education Program Designed to Prevent AIDS in Uganda. Working paper #1011. Philadelphia, PA.: Annenberg School of Communications/Center for International Health and Development Communication.

Mercer, M.A., C.E. Mariel, and S.J. Scott 1993 Lessons and Legacies: The Final Report of a Grants Program for HIV/AIDS Prevention in Africa. Institute of International Programs, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.

Minkoff, H.L., and A. Duerr 1994 Obstetric issues--relevance to women and children. Pp. 773-784 in P.A. Pizzo and C.M. Wilfert, eds., Pediatric AIDS: The Challenge of HIV Infection in Infants, Children and Adolescents. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.

Moore, M., E. Tukwasiibwe, E. Marum, C. Taremwa, K. O'Reilly, and L. Rosner 1993 Impact of HIV counselling and testing (CT) in Uganda. Abstract No. WS-C-16-4, Volume 9(1):97. IXth International Conference on AIDS, June, 6-11, Berlin, Germany.

Mouli, V.C. 1992 All Against AIDS: The Copperbelt Health Education Project, Zambia . London, UK: ACTIONAID, AMREF, CHRISTIAN AID.

Mwizarubi, B., U. Laukamm-Josten, C. Maijonga, G. Lwihula, A. Outwater, and D. Nyamwaga 1992 HIV/AIDS education and condom promotion for truck drivers, their assistants and sex partners in Tanzania. Abstract No. W.D. 4017, Volume 7(2):392. VIIIth International Conference on AIDS, June 16-21, Geneva, Switzerland.


Nature 1993 New-style abuse of press freedom. Nature 366(6455):493-494.

Ndyetabura, E.F., and M. Paalman 1994 The People in Kagera Do Not Believe the Misinformation on AIDS by the Krynens. Report of the visit to Partage Project in Kagera. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Ministry of Health.

Ngugi, E.N., J.N. Simonsen, M. Bosire, A.R. Ronald, F.A. Plummer, D.W. Cameron, P. Waiyaki, and J.O. Ndinya-Achola 1988 Prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in Africa: Effectiveness of condom promotion and health education among prostitutes. The Lancet 2(8616):887-890.

Norr, K.F., B.J. McElmurry, M. Moeti, and S.D. Tlou 1992 AIDS prevention for women. Nursing Outlook 40(6):250-256.


Oakley, A., D. Fullerton, and J. Holland 1995 Behavioural interventions for HIV/AIDS prevention. AIDS 9(5):479-486.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Over, M., and P. Piot 1993 HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases. Pp. 455-527 in D.T. Jamison, W.H. Mosley, A.R. Measham, and J.L. Bobadilla, eds., Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. New York: Oxford University Press.


Population Council 1995 Community-Based AIDS Prevention and Care in Africa: Building on Local Initiatives. Case Studies from Five African Countries. New York, New York: The Population Council.

Population Services International 1992 The Zaire Mass Media Project: A Model AIDS Prevention Communications and Motivation Project. PSI Special Reports No. 1. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International.

1994a PSI 1993/1994 Annual Report. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International.

1994b Social marketing for AIDS prevention in post-apartheid South Africa. PSI Profile, April. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International.

1994c The 1993 Year-end Sales Report. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International.

1994d Zambia social marketing project has maximum impact on war against AIDS. PSI Profile, February. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International.

1995 December 1994 and Year-end Sales Reports. Washington, D.C.: Population Services International.


Robey, B., S.O. Rutstein, and L. Morris 1992 The reproductive revolution: New survey findings. Population Reports 20(4)(Series M, No. 11):1-43.


Seeley, J., U. Wagner, J. Mulemwa, J. Kengeya-Kayondo, and D. Mulder 1991 The development of a community-based HIV/AIDS counselling service in a rural area in Uganda. AIDS Care 3(2):207-217.

Semba, R.D., P.G. Miotti, J.D. Chiphangwi, A.J. Saah, J.K. Canner, G.A. Dallabetta, and D.R. Hoover 1994 Maternal vitamin A deficiency and mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1. The Lancet 343(8913):1593-1597.

Sokal, D., S. Seitz, B. Auvert, W. Namaara, J. Stover, and R. Bernstein 1991 Simulation Modeling of Single and Combined Interventions to Control a Heterosexual HIV Epidemic: Preliminary Results. Research Triangle Park, NC: Family Health International.

Stanecki, K., and P.O. Way 1994 Review of HIV Spread in Southern Africa. Washington D.C.: Center for International Research, U.S. Bureau of the Census.

Stryker, J., T.J. Coates, P. DeCarlo, K. Haynes-Sanstad, M. Shriver, and H.J. Makadon 1995 Prevention of HIV infection: Looking back, looking ahead. Journal of the American Medical Association 273(14):1143-1148.


Tlou, S. 1995 AIDS prevention for women: A community-based approach in Botswana. Paper presented at the World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS Meeting on Effective Approaches for the Prevention of HIV/AIDS in Women, February 8-11, Geneva, Switzerland.

Turner, C.F., H.G. Miller, and L.E. Moses, eds. 1989 AIDS: Sexual Behavior and Intravenous Drug Use. Committee on AIDS Research and the Behavioral, Social, and Statistical Sciences, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Ulin, P.R. 1992 African women and AIDS: Negotiating behavioral change. Social Science & Medicine 34(1):63-73.

UNICEF 1995 Annex 7: Evaluations and studies: Their findings and recommendations. Pp. 36-58 in A Review of UNICEF Support to AIDS Control and Prevention in Uganda and Zimbabwe. New York: UNICEF Health Promotion Unit, UNICEF.

U.S. Bureau of the Census 1994a Recent HIV Seroprevalence Levels by Country: December 1994. Research Note No. 15. Washington, D.C.: Health Studies Branch, Center for International Research, U.S. Bureau of the Census.

1994b Trends and Patterns of HIV/AIDS Infection in Selected Developing Countries: Country Profiles: June 1994. Research Note No. 14. Washington, D.C.: Health Studies Branch, Center for International Research, U.S. Bureau of the Census.


Van de Perre, P., N. Clumeck, M. Carael, E. Nzabihimana, M. Robert-Guroff, P. De Mol, P. Freyens, J.P. Butzler, R.C. Gallo, and J.B. Kanyamupira 1985 Female prostitutes: A risk group for infection with human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type III. The Lancet 2(8454):524-526.

Visrutaratna, S., C.P. Lindan, A. Sirhorachai, and J.S. Mandel 1995 'Superstar' and 'model brothel': developing and evaluating a condom promotion program for sex establishments in Chiang Mai, Thailand. AIDS 9(Supplement 1):S69-S75.


Williams, E., N. Lamson, S. Efem, S. Weir, and P. Lamptey 1992 Implementation of an AIDS prevention program among prostitutes in the Cross River State of Nigeria. AIDS 6(2):229-230.

Williams, G., and S. Ray 1993 Work Against AIDS: Workplace-based AIDS Initiatives in Zimbabwe . London, UK: ACTIONAID.

Wilson, D., B. Myathi, and M. Whariwa 1992 A Community-level AIDS Prevention Program Among Sexually Vulnerable Groups and the General Population in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. Harare, Zimbabwe: University of Zimbabwe.

World Bank 1993 Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policies for Adjustment, Revitalization, and Expansion. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

World Health Organization 1986 Young People's Health--A Challenge for Society: Report of a WHO Study Group on Young People and ''Health for All by the Year 2000." WHO Technical Report Series 731. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

1992a Consensus statement from the WHO/UNICEF consultation on HIV transmission and breast-feeding. Weekly Epidemiological Record 67(24):177-179.

1992b Current and Future Dimensions of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic: A Capsule . Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS.

1992c Effective Approaches to AIDS Prevention: Report of the Meeting, May 26-29. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS.

1994a AIDS: Images of the Epidemic. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

1994b WHO/UNESCO Pilot Projects on School-Based AIDS Education: A Summary. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

1995 The current global situation of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Weekly Epidemiological Record 70(2):7-8.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Wynendaele, B., W. Bomba, W. M'Manga, S. Bhart, and L. Fransen 1995 Impact of counselling on safer sex and STD occurrence among STD patients in Malawi. International Journal of STD & AIDS 6(2):105-109.

CHAPTER 6: MITIGATING THE IMPACT OF THE EPIDEMIC

Ainsworth, M., and M. Over 1994a AIDS and African development. World Bank Research Observer 9(2):203-240.

1994b The economic impact of AIDS on Africa. Pp. 559-588 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M.R. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa. New York: Raven Press.

Ainsworth, M., and A.A. Rwegarulira 1992 Coping with the AIDS Epidemic in Tanzania: Survivor Assistance . Technical Working Paper No. 6. Washington, D.C.: Africa Technical Department, Population, Health and Nutrition Division, The World Bank.

Awusabo-Asare, K., and D.K. Agyeman 1993 Social science research and the challenge of the AIDS epidemic. Pp. 357-368 in International Union for the Scientific Study of Population Conference, Montreal, 1993. Volume 4. Liège, Belgium: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population.


Baggaley, R., P. Godfrey-Faussett, R. Msiska, D. Chilangwa, E. Chitu, J. Porter, and M. Kelly 1994 Impact of HIV infection on Zambian businesses. British Medical Journal 309(6968):1549-1550.

Barnett, T. 1994 The Effects of HIV/AIDS on Farming Systems and Rural Livelihoods in Uganda, Tanzania, and Zambia. Unpublished report prepared for the Food and Agriculture Organization. Norwich, UK: Overseas Development Group, University of East Anglia.

Barnett, T., and P. Blaikie 1992 AIDS in Africa: Its Present and Future Impact. London, UK: Guilford Press.

Biggar, R.J. 1993 When ideals meet reality: The global challenge of HIV/AIDS. American Journal of Public Health 83(10):1383-1384.

Bledsoe, C., and U. Isiugo-Abanihe 1989 Strategies of child-fosterage among Mende Grannies in Sierra Leone. Pp. 442-474 in R.J. Lesthaeghe, ed., Reproduction and Social Organization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Bongaarts, J. 1994 Projection of the mortality impact of AIDS in Africa. Pp. 187-205 in W. Lutz, ed., The Future Population of the World: What Can We Assume Today. London, UK: Earthscan Publications.

Bongaarts, J., and P. Way 1989 Geographic Variation in the HIV Epidemic and Mortality Impact of AIDS in Africa. Research Division Working Paper No. 1. New York: Population Council.

Bos, E., and R.A. Bulatao 1992 The demographic impact of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: short and long-term projections. International Journal of Forecasting 8(3):367-384.

Brugha, R. 1994 HIV counseling and care programmes at the district level in Ghana. AIDS Care 6(2):129-137.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Buvé, A., S.D. Foaster [sic.], C. Mbwili, E. Mungo, N. Tollenare, and M. Zeko 1994 Mortality among female nurses in the face of the AIDS epidemic: A pilot study in Zambia. AIDS 8(3):396.


Caldwell, J.C., P. Caldwell, E.M. Ankrah, J.K. Anarfi, D.K. Agyeman, K. Awusabo-Asare, and I.O. Orubuloye 1993 African families and AIDS: Context, reactions, and potential interventions. Health Transition Review 3(Supplement):1-16.

Caldwell, J.C., I.O. Orubuloye, and P. Caldwell 1994 Underreaction to AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Pp. 217-234 in I.O. Orubuloye, J.C. Caldwell, P. Caldwell, and G. Santow, eds., Sexual Networking and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Behavioral Research and the Social Context. Canberra, Australia: Health Transition Centre, Australian National University.

Caraël, M., J. Cleland, and R. Ingham 1994 Extramarital sex: Implications of survey results for STD/HIV Transmission. Health Transition Review 4(Supplement):153-172.

Castle, C.S. 1994 The (re)negotiation of illness diagnoses and responsibility for child death in rural Mali. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 8(3):314-335.

Chela, C.M., R. Malska, T. Chava, A. Martin, A. Mwanza, B. Yamba, and E. van Prang 1994 Costing and evaluating home based care in Zambia. Abstract No. 099B/D, Volume 10(1):31. IXth International Conference on AIDS, August 7-12, Yokohama, Japan.

Chela, C.M., and Z.C. Siankanga 1991 Home and community care: The Zambian experience. AIDS 5(Supplement):S157-S161.

Chin, J. 1990 Current and future dimensions of the HIV/AIDs pandemic in women and children. The Lancet 336(8709):221-224.

Colebunders, R.L., and B. Kapita 1994 Treatments of HIV infection. Pp. 423-437 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M.R. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa. New York: Raven Press.

Cuddington, J.T. 1993 Modelling the macroeconomic effects of AIDS with an application to Tanzania. World Bank Economic Review 7(2):173-189.

Cuddington, J.T., and J.D. Hancock 1994 Assessing the impact of AIDS on the growth path of the Malawian economy. Journal of Development Economics 43(2):363-368.


Danziger, R. 1994 The social impact of HIV/AIDS in developing countries. Social Science & Medicine 39(7):905-917.

De Cock, K.M., B. Barrere, L. Diaby, M.F. Lafontaine, E. Gnaore, A. Porter, D. Pantobe, G.C. Lafontant, A. Dagoakribi, M. Ette, K. Odehouri, and W.L. Heyward 1990 AIDS--the leading cause of adult death in the West African city of Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Science 249(4970):793-796.

De Cock, K.M., S.B. Lucas, S. Lucas, J. Agness, A. Kadio, and H.D. Gayle 1993 Clinical research, prophylaxis, therapy, and care for HIV disease in Africa. American Journal of Public Health 83(10):1385-1389.


Foster, S. 1993 Cost and Burden of AIDS on the Zambian Health Care System: Policies to Mitigate the Impact on Health Services. Unpublished report. London, UK.: Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

1994 HIV/AIDS in Africa. American Journal of Public Health 8(7):1178.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Gillespie, S. 1989 Potential impact of AIDS on farming systems: A case study from Rwanda. Land Use Policy 6(4):301-312.


Hassig, S.E., J. Perriëns, E. Baende, M. Kahotwa, K. Bishagara, N. Kinkela, and B. Kapita 1990 An analysis of the economic impact of HIV infection among patients at Mama Yemo Hospital, Kinshasa, Zaire. AIDS 4(9):883-887.


IRESCO 1995 Social and Psychological Impact of HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. Yaoundé, Cameroon: Institut de Recherche et des Études de Comportements (IRESCO).


Kaijage, F.J. 1994a HIV/AIDS and the Orphan Crisis in Kagera Region: Socio-Economic, Cultural, and Historical Dimensions. Unpublished report. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Department of History, University of Dar es Salaam.

1994b HIV/AIDS and the Problem of Orphans in Arusha Region. Unpublished report. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Department of History, University of Dar es Salaam.

Katabira, E.T., and K.R. Wabitsch 1991 Management issues for patients with HIV infection in Africa. AIDS 5(Supplement):S149-S155.

Kitange, H.M., D.G. Mclarty, A.B.M. Swai, J. Black, H. Machibya, D. Mtasiwa, G. Masuki, and K.G.M.M. Alberti 1994 HIV disease: The leading cause of adult death in three study areas (urban and rural) in Tanzania. Paper presented to the National Institute for Medical Research's 12th Annual Joint Scientific Conference, 21-25 February, Arusha, Tanzania.


Lwihula, G., L. Dahlgren, J. Killewo, and A. Sanstrom 1993 AIDS epidemic in Kagera region, Tanzania--the experiences of local people. AIDS Care 5(3):347-358.

Lwihula, G., and M. Over 1993 Impact of adult deaths from AIDS and other fatal illnesses on the cultural practices of local people in the Kagera Area, Tanzania. Paper presented at the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population seminar on AIDS Impact and Intervention in the Developing World: The Contribution of Demography and the Social Sciences, December 5-9, Annecy, France.


Mann, J.M., H. Francis, T.C. Quinn, B. Kapita, P.K. Asilo, N. Bosenge, N. Nzilambi, L. Jansegers, P. Piot, K. Ruti, and J.W. Curran 1986 HIV seroprevalence among hospital workers in Kinshasa, Zaire: Lack of association with occupational exposure. Journal of the American Medical Association 256(22):3099-3102.

Metrikin, A.S., M. Zwarenstein, M.H. Steinberg, E. Van Der Vyver, G. Maartens, and R. Wood 1995 Is HIV/AIDS a primary-care disease? Appropriate levels of outpatient care for patients with HIV/AIDS. AIDS 9(6):619-623.

Ministry of Health [Zambia] 1994 Report of the Workshop on the Effects of HIV/AIDS on Agricultural Production Systems. Lusaka, Zambia: Ministry of Health.

M'Pelé, P., S. Lallemant-Le Coeur, and M.J. Lallemant 1994 AIDS counseling in Africa. Pp. 463-472 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M.R. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa. New York: Raven Press.

Mulder, D.W., A.J. Nunn, H.U. Wagner, N. Kamali, and J.F. Kengeya-Kayondo 1994a HIV-1 incidence and HIV-1-associated mortality in a rural Ugandan population cohort. AIDS 8(1):87-92.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Mulder, D.W., A.J. Nunn, A. Kamali, J. Nakiyingi, H.U. Wagner, and J.F. Kengeya-Kayondo 1994b Two-year HIV-1-associated mortality in a Ugandan rural population. The Lancet 343(8904):1021-1023.


National AIDS Control Programme [Kenya] no date AIDS in Kenya: Background, Projections, Impact, Interventions . Nairobi, Kenya: National AIDS Control Programme.

Nelson, A.M., S.E. Hassig, M. Kayembe, L. Okonda, K. Mulanga, C. Brown, K. Kayembe, M.M. Kalengayi, and F.G. Mullick 1991 HIV-1 seropositivity and mortality at University Hospital, Kinshasa, Zaire, 1987. AIDS 5(5):583-586.

Norse, D. 1991 Socio-economic impact of AIDS on food production in East Africa. Abstract No. TU.D.57, Volume 7(1):71. VIIth International Conference on AIDS, June 16-21, Florence, Italy.


Obbo, C.A. 1993 Reflections on the AIDS orphans problem in Uganda. Pp. 108-109 in M. Berer and S. Ray, eds., Women and HIV/AIDS: An International Resource Book. London, UK: Pandora Press.

Over, M. 1992 The Macroeconomic Impact of AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. Technical Working Paper No. 3. Population Health and Nutrition Division, African Technical Department, The World Bank. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

Over, M., S. Bertozzi. J. Chin, B. N'Galy, and K. Nyamuryekung'e 1988 The direct and indirect cost of HIV infection in developing countries: The cases of Zaire and Tanzania. Pp. 123-125 in A. Fleming, M. Carbalo, D.W. FitzSimmons, M.R. Bailey, and J. Mann, eds., The Global Impact of AIDS. New York: Alan R. Liss.

Over, M., and P. Mujinja 1993 Expenditure on health care and use of medical services prior to death. Pp. 41-46 in The Economic Impact of Fatal Adult Illness in Sub-Saharan Africa: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

Over, M., and P. Piot 1993 HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases. Pp. 455-527 in D.T. Jamison and H. Mosley, eds., Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. New York: Oxford University Press.


Page, H.J. 1989 Childrearing versus childbearing: Coresidence of mother and child in sub-Saharan Africa. Pp. 401-441 in R.J. Lesthaeghe, ed., Reproduction and Social Organization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Porter, R.W. 1994 AIDS in Ghana: Priorities and policies. Pp. 90-106 in D.A. Feldman, ed., Global AIDS Policy. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey.

Preble, E.A. 1990 Impact of HIV/AIDS on African children. Social Science & Medicine 31(6):671-680.


Quinn, T.C., P. Piot, J.B. McCormick, F.M. Feinsod, H. Taelman, B. Kapita, W. Stevens, and A.S. Fauci 1987 Serologic and immunologic studies in patients with AIDS in North America and Africa: The potential role of infectious agents as cofactors in human immunodeficiency virus infection. Journal of the American Medical Association 257(19):2617-2621.


Ryder, R.W., M. Kamenga, M. Nkusu, V. Batter, and W.L. Heyward 1994 AIDS orphans in Kinshasa, Zaire: Incidence and socioeconomic consequences. AIDS 8(5):673-679.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

Ryder, R.W., and R.D. Mugerwa 1994 The clinical definition and diagnosis of AIDS in African adults. Pp. 269-281 in M. Essex, S. Mboup, P.J. Kanki, and M.R. Kalengayi, eds., AIDS in Africa. New York: Raven Press.


Schietinger, H., C. Almedal, B.N. Marianne, R. K. Jacqueline, and B.L. Ravn 1993 Teaching Rwandan families to care for people with AIDS at home. The Hospice Journal 9(1):33-53.

Schoepf, B.G. 1988 Women, AIDS, and economic crisis in Central Africa. Canadian Journal of African Studies 22(3):625-644.

Schopper, D., and J. Walley 1992 Care for AIDS patients in developing countries: A review. AIDS Care 4(1):89-102.

Seitz, S. 1991 IWGAIDS User's Manual, Version 3.0. Urbana/Champaign, IL: Merriam Laboratory for Analytic Political Science, Department of Political Science, University of Illinois.

Sewankambo, N.K., M.J. Wawer, R.H. Gray, D. Serwadda, C. Li, R.Y. Stallings, S.D. Musgrave, and J. Konde-Lule 1994 Demographic impact of HIV infection in rural Rakai District, Uganda: Results of a population-based cohort study. AIDS 8(10):1707-1713.

Shepard, D.S. 1991 Costs of Care for Persons with AIDS in Rwanda. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Institute for International Development, Harvard University.

Social Policy Research Group 1993 Orphans, Widows, and Widowers in Zambia: A Situation Analysis and Options for HIV/AIDS Survival Assistance. Lusaka, Zambia: Institute for African Studies, University of Zambia.

Stanley, E.A., S.T. Seitz, P.O. Way, P.D. Johnson, and T.F. Curry 1989 The United States interagency working group approach: The IWG model for the heterosexual spread of HIV and the demographic impact of the AIDS epidemic. Pp. 119-136 in The AIDS Epidemic and Its Demographic Consequences: Proceedings of the United Nations/World Health Organization Workshop on Modelling the Demographic Impact of the AIDS Epidemic in Pattern II Countries: Progress to Date and Policies for the Future . New York: United Nations/World Health Organization.

Stover, J. 1993 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Population Growth in Africa. Washington, D.C.: African Population Advisory Committee.

1994 The impact of HIV/AIDS on adult and child mortality in the developing world. Health Transition Review 4(Supplement):47-63.


Tanzania AIDS Project 1994 National Assessment of Families and Children Affected by AIDS . Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Tanzania AIDS Project.


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×

1994 The Demographic Impact of an AIDS Epidemic on an African Country: Application of the IWGAIDS Model. CIR Staff Paper No. 58, Center for International Research. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Bureau of the Census.

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CHAPTER 7: BUILDING CAPACITY FOR AIDS-RELATED RESEARCH

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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

1988 Confronting AIDS: Update 1988. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
×

United States Department of Health and Human Services 1994 AIDS International Training and Research Programs: Fifth Year Progress Report and Cumulative Report for the First Five Years. Washington, D.C.: National Institutes of Health.


World Bank 1988 Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policies for Adjustment, Revitalization, and Expansion. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

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1991 The African Capacity Building Initiative: Toward Improved Policy Analysis and Development Management. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

1994 Better Health in Africa: Experience and Lessons Learned. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

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1995 Peter Piot to head new joint UN programme. Global AIDS News 1:1.

Suggested Citation:"REFERENCES." National Research Council. 1996. Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Research and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5177.
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Next: APPENDIX A: PANEL VISITS TO THREE AFRICAN COUNTRIES, JANUARY 20-FEBRUARY 12, 1995 »
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The AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa continues to affect all facets of life throughout the subcontinent. Deaths related to AIDS have driven down the life expectancy rate of residents in Zambia, Kenya, and Uganda with far-reaching implications. This book details the current state of the AIDS epidemic in Africa and what is known about the behaviors that contribute to the transmission of the HIV infection. It lays out what research is needed and what is necessary to design more effective prevention programs.

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