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Coal Waste Impoundments: Risks, Responses, and Alternatives (2002)

Chapter: Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2002. Coal Waste Impoundments: Risks, Responses, and Alternatives. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10212.
Page 219
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2002. Coal Waste Impoundments: Risks, Responses, and Alternatives. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10212.
Page 220

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Appendix D Acronyms and Abbreviations CFR Code of Federal Regulations DOE Department of Energy EPA Environmental Protection Agency ICOLD international Commission on Large Dams MSHA Mining Safety and Health Administration OSM Office of Surface Mining SMCRA Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 SO2 Sulfur dioxide USC United States Code USCOLD U.S. Commission on Large Dams 219

220 COAL WASTE IMPOUNDMENTS Jelinski, L. W., T. E. Graedel, R. A. Laudise, D. W. McCall, and C. K. N. Patel. 1992. Industrial ecology: concepts and approaches. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 89:793-797. Johnson, J. L. 1981. Fundamentals of coal gasification. Pp. 1491-1598 in Chemistry of Coal Utilization, 2nd suppl. vol., M. A. Elliott, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences. Johnson, T. L. 1999. Design of Erosion Protection for Long-Term Stabilization, Draft, NUREG-1623. Washington, DC: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Kipp, I. A, and I. S. Dinger. 1987. S~ess-relief fracture condor of groundwater movement in the Appalachian Plateau. Pp. 423~38 in Focus Conference on Eastern Regional Ground-Water Issues, National Water Well Association, July 15, Burlington, VT. Kipp, I. A, F. W. Lawrence, and J. S. Dinger. 1983. A conceptual mode] of ground-water flow in the Eastern Kentucky Coal Field: Symposium on Surface Mining, Hydrology, Sedimentation, and Reclamation, University of Kentucky, November 27-December 2, Lexington, KY. Knight, R., T. Bryar, and C. Daughney. 1999. Laboratory studies to assess the use of nuclear magnetic resonance for near-surface applications. Exposition Abstract #NSG2.3. 1999 International Exposition and 69th Annual Meeting, Houston, Texas. Tulsa, OK: Society of Exploration Geophysics. Lankston, R. W., and M. M. Lankston. 1986. Obtaining multilayer reciprocal times through phantoming. Geophysics 51 :45-49. Leonard, J. 1991. Coal Preparation, 5th edition. Littleton, CO: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration. Leps, T. M. 1970. Review of the shearing strength of rockfi~. Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Division 4(July): ~ 159-1170. Lexington Herald Leader. 1948. UK building is destroyed by early- morning blaze. November 13 :P 1 C. Lindsey, C. G., L. W. Long, and C. W. Begej. 1982. Long-Term Survivability of Riprap for Armoring Uranium Mill Tailings and Covers: A Literature Review, NIJREG/CR-2642. Washington, DC: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. MAC [Mining Association of Canada] . 1998. A Guide to the Management of Tailings Facilities. Ottawa: MAC. Prepublication Version - Subject to Further Editorial Correction

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On October 11, 2000, a breakthrough of Martin County Coal Corporation’s coal waste impoundment released 250 million gallons of slurry in near Inez, Kentucky. The 72-acre surface impoundment for coal processing waste materials broke through into a nearby underground coal mine. Although the spill caused no loss of human life, environmental damage was significant, and local water supplies were disrupted. This incident prompted Congress to request the National Research Council to examine ways to reduce the potential for similar accidents in the future. This book covers the engineering practices and standards for coal waste impoundments and ways to evaluate, improve, and monitor them; the accuracy of mine maps and ways to improve surveying and mapping of mines; and alternative technologies for coal slurry disposal and utilization. The book contains advice for multiple audiences, including the Mine Safety and Health Administration, the Office of Surface Mining, and other federal agencies; state and local policymakers and regulators; the coal industry and its consultants; and scientists and engineers.

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