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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Bridges to Independence: Fostering the Independence of New Investigators in Biomedical Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11249.
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Appendix C
Acronyms and Abbreviations


AAMC

Association of American Medical Colleges

AAU

Association of American Universities

ACS

American Chemical Society

ASCB

American Society for Cell Biology


BWF

Burroughs Wellcome Fund


CAREER

NSF Faculty Early Career Development Program

COSEPUP

Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, The National Academies

CSR

Center for Scientific Review, NIH


EMBL

European Molecular Biology Laboratory

EMBO

European Molecular Biology Organization


F Awards

NIH Fellowship Programs

F32

NIH Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award for Individual Postdoctoral Fellows

FASEB

Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

FIRST

NIH First Independent Research Support and Transition Award (R29)


GREAT

Graduate Research, Education, and Training Group, Association of American Medical Colleges

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Bridges to Independence: Fostering the Independence of New Investigators in Biomedical Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11249.
×

HHMI

Howard Hughes Medical Institute


ICs

NIH Institutes and Centers

IMPAC II

Information for Management, Planning, Analysis, and Coordination II (NIH internal database on grant applications and awards)

INSERM

Institut national de la santé et de la recherché medicale (French National Institute for Health and Medical Research)

IOM

Institute of Medicine, The National Academies


K Awards

NIH Career Development Programs

K01

NIH Research Scientist Development Award–Research & Training

K02

NIH Research Scientist Development Award–Research

K04

NIH Modified Research Career Development Award (not currently in use)

K08

NIH Clinical Investigator Award

K12

NIH Physician Scientist Award (Program)

K18

NIH Career Enhancement Award

K22

NIH Career Transition Award

K23

NIH Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award

K25

NIH Mentored Quantitative Research Career Development Award


NAS

National Academy of Sciences, The National Academies

NCI

National Cancer Institute, NIH

NDPA

NIH Director’s Pioneer Award

NIBIB

National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, NIH

NIEHS

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH

NIGMS

National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NIRA

NIH New Investigator Research Award (R23)

NPA

National Postdoctoral Association

NRC

National Research Council, The National Academies

NRSA

NIH Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award

NSF

National Science Foundation

NTA

NIEHS Trainees Assembly (see Box 4-4)


OFCD

NIEHS Office of Fellows’ Career Development (see Box 4-4)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Bridges to Independence: Fostering the Independence of New Investigators in Biomedical Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11249.
×

PECASE

Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers

PHS

United States Public Health Service

PI

Principal Investigator


R Awards

NIH Research Programs

R01

NIH Research Project (traditional investigator-initiated research award)

R03

NIH Small Research Grant

R15

NIH Academic Research Enhancement Award (AREA)

R21

NIH Exploratory/Developmental Grant

R23

NIH New Investigator Research Award (not currently in use)

R29

NIH First Independent Research Support and Transition (FIRST) Award

R37

NIH Method to Extend Research in Time (MERIT) Award

R55

NIH James A. Shannon Director’s Award


SDR

Survey of Doctorate Recipients, National Science Foundation (see Box 2-1)

SRA

Scientific Review Administrator, Center for Scientific Review, NIH


T Awards

NIH Training Programs

T32

NIH Institutional National Research Service Award (training grant)

T90

NIH Training for a New Interdisciplinary Workforce Program

Type 1

NIH new grant application

Type 2

NIH competing continuation (renewal, recompeting application)


UCSF

University of California, San Francisco

UNC

University of North Carolina

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Bridges to Independence: Fostering the Independence of New Investigators in Biomedical Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11249.
×
Page145
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Bridges to Independence: Fostering the Independence of New Investigators in Biomedical Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11249.
×
Page146
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Bridges to Independence: Fostering the Independence of New Investigators in Biomedical Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11249.
×
Page147
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A rising median age at which PhD’s receive their first research grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is among the factors forcing academic biomedical researchers to spend longer periods of time before they can set their own research directions and establish there independence. The fear that promising prospective scientists will choose other career paths has raised concerns about the future of biomedical research in the United States. At the request of NIH, the National Academies conducted a study on ways to address these issues. The report recommends that NIH make fostering independence of biomedical researchers an agencywide goal, and that it take steps to provide postdocs and early-career investigators with more financial support for their own research, improve postdoc mentoring and establish programs for new investigators and staff scientists among other mechanisms.

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