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Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role (2014)

Chapter:Appendix C: Committee Biographies

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2014. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18753.
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Appendix C

Committee Biographies

Richard J. Bonnie (IOM) (chair) is the Harrison Foundation professor of medicine and law, professor of psychiatry and neurobehavioral sciences, professor of public policy, and director, Institute of Law, Psychiatry and Public Policy at the University of Virginia. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1991. He teaches and writes about criminal law, bioethics, and public policies relating to mental health, substance abuse, aging, and public health. He was associate director of the National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse, secretary of the first National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse, and chief adviser for the American Bar Association’s Criminal Justice Mental Health Standards Project. He chaired the Virginia Commission on Mental Health Law Reform. He served on the MacArthur Foundation’s Research Networks on Mental Health and the Law and Mandated Community Treatment and is currently serving on the Network on Law and Neuroscience. He received the Yarmolinsky Medal in 2002 for contributions to IOM and the National Academies. In 2007, Bonnie received the University of Virginia’s highest honor, the Thomas Jefferson Award. He has a B.A. from Johns Hopkins University and an LL.B. from the University of Virginia School of Law.

Sam Abed is the secretary of Maryland’s Department of Juvenile Services. Previously he served as deputy director of operations at the Virginia Department of Juvenile Justice, with direct supervision over juvenile justice operations, including the supervision of 6 juvenile correctional facilities and 32 court service units statewide. Previously, he served as assistant commonwealth attorney for the Office of the Sussex County Commonwealth’s Attorney and for the Office of the City of Norfolk Commonwealth’s Attorney. He also served as commissioner for the Virginia Commission for National and Community Service. Mr. Abed received a B.S. in psychology from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and completed an internship at the American University in Cairo, Arabic Language Institute. He received his J.D. from the University of Richmond School of Law.

Grace Bauer is the executive director of Justice for Families, a national alliance of local organizations founded and run by parents and families who have experienced the juvenile justice system directly with their own children and who are taking the lead to help build a family-driven and trauma-informed youth justice system. Previously, she helped organize parents to form the Lake Charles chapter of Families and Friends of Louisiana’s Incarcerated Children (FFLIC). Rapidly recruiting and training new members and increasing FFLIC’s visibility and influence, the chapter became an integral part of the passage of the Louisiana Juvenile Justice Reform Act of 2003 and the closing of the infamous Tallulah juvenile prison. She joined the Campaign for Youth Justice in 2008, where she

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2014. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18753.
×

united parents and allies of children in six targeted states to change laws and practices prosecuting and confining children as adults. She also led the development of the National Parent Caucus, a national network of family members seeking to end the practice of trying, sentencing, and incarcerating children as adults.

Kevin J. Bethel is presently in charge of Patrol Operations for the Philadelphia Police Department, where he oversees both the patrol and detective units for the entire city of Philadelphia. Since completion of the Police Academy in 1986, his assignments have included: police officer-6th District; sergeant-17th District; sergeant-Special Investigative Bureau, Narcotics Strike Force; sergeant-Special Investigative Bureau, Narcotics Field Unit, North Central section; lieutenant-18th District; lieutenant-Internal Affairs Division and lieutenant-Narcotics Intelligence Investigative Unit. Prior to his appointment as deputy commissioner, he served as the commanding officer (captain) of the 17th Police District from 2005 to 2008. He serves on the Advisory Board to the initiative, by the International Association of Chiefs of Police and the MacArthur Foundation, on “Law Enforcement’s Leadership Role in the Advancement of Promising Practices in Juvenile Justice.” Deputy Commissioner Bethel holds a B.S. in criminal justice from Chestnut Hill College and an M.A. in public safety from St. Joseph’s University.

Sandra A. Graham is a professor of psychological studies in education and chair of the Department of Education at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). She received her Ph.D. in education at UCLA. Dr. Graham’s teaching interests include achievement motivation, attribution theory, motivation in minority groups, social development, adolescent development, risk, and resiliency. Her research interests are in the areas of cognitive approaches to motivation, the development of attributional processes, motivation in African Americans, and peer-directed aggression and victimization. Dr. Graham is currently principal investigator on grants from the National Science Foundation and the W. T. Grant Foundation. She also is the recipient of an Independent Scientist Award, funded by the National Institute of Mental Health. She is a former recipient of the Early Contribution Award from Division 15 (Educational Psychology) of the American Psychological Association and a former fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, California. She is an associate editor of Developmental Psychology and a member of the MacArthur Foundation Network on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice.

Maxwell Griffin, Jr., was appointed associate judge in the Circuit Court of Cook County in 2003. He currently serves in the Child Protection Division of the Cook County Juvenile Court. Judge Griffin joined the bench after a 22-year career as an attorney, during which he received peer recognition in 2003 from Chicago Lawyer as one of the top 20 tort defense lawyers in Chicago. He served as assistant state’s attorney in the Civil Actions Bureau as well as a plaintiff’s personal injury lawyer. Judge Griffin is a member of the Board of Trustees of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and a board member for the Illinois Judicial Association. He serves as co-lead judge for the Chicago Model Juvenile Court. He is an adjunct faculty member at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law and is a member of the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts’ education faculty. He is the author of a chapter on medical and mental rights of minors in the Illinois Institute for Continuing Legal Education’s Juvenile Law Handbook. Judge Griffin is a 1980 graduate of the University of Notre Dame Law School.

Patricia Lee has served as a deputy public defender in San Francisco since 1978 and has practiced in the juvenile courts since 1981. She is currently the managing attorney of the San Francisco Public Defender’s juvenile office, and co-director of the Pacific Juvenile Defender Center, which seeks to improve the quality of representation provided by juvenile delinquency attorneys. She served as a technical adviser to the American Bar Association Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention for the Due Process Advocacy Program, which seeks to increase children’s access to quality counsel in juvenile delinquency proceedings. She also established the country’s first advocacy program for girls who have been victims of exploitation. She is a member of the MacArthur Foundation’s Network on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice and a member of the Family and Juvenile Law Advisory Committee of the Administrative Office of the Courts, Center for Families, Children and the Courts. She received her undergraduate degree from the University of California, Berkeley, and a law degree from Lincoln University School of Law.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2014. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18753.
×

Edward P. Mulvey is professor of psychiatry and director of the Law and Psychiatry Program at the Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic at the University of Pittsburgh’s School of Medicine. His research has focused on issues related to how clinicians make judgments regarding the type of risk posed by adult mental patients and the development and treatment of serious juvenile offenders. He is a fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society, a recipient of a faculty scholar’s award from the William T. Grant Foundation, a member of two MacArthur Foundation Research Networks (one on mental health and the law and another on adolescent development and juvenile justice), and a member of the Steering Committee of the National Consortium on Violence Research. He currently serves on the Science Advisory Board of the Office of Justice Programs of the U.S. Department of Justice. He has a Ph.D. in community/clinical psychology from the University of Virginia. He also did postdoctoral training in quantitative methods in criminal justice at Carnegie Mellon University.

Alex R. Piquero is Ashbel Smith professor of criminology in the School of Economic, Political, and Policy Sciences at the University of Texas at Dallas; adjunct professor at the Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice, and Governance, Griffith University; and co-editor of the Journal of Quantitative Criminology. He has published over 200 peer-reviewed articles in the areas of criminal careers, criminological theory, and quantitative research methods and has collaborated on several books. In addition to his membership on over a dozen editorial boards of journals in criminology and sociology, he has also served as executive counselor with the American Society of Criminology, member of the National Academy of Sciences Panel Evaluating the National Institute of Justice, member of the Racial Democracy, Crime and Justice Network at Ohio State University, and member of the MacArthur Foundation’s Research Network on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice.

Vincent Schiraldi is a senior adviser for the New York City Mayor’s Office of Criminal Justice. From his appointment in February 2010 until March 2014, Schiraldi served as commissioner of the New York City Department of Probation, bringing 30 years of experience working with troubled youth and juvenile justice systems. Prior to 2010, he served as the District of Columbia’s first director of the Department of Youth Rehabilitation Services, where he launched major reforms. He has served as an adviser on the Washington, DC, Blue Ribbon Commission on Youth Safety and Juvenile Justice Reform, as a member of the California Blue Ribbon Commission on Inmate Population Management, as an advisor to the California Commission on the Status of African American Men; and as the first chair of the San Francisco Juvenile Probation Commission. He has published numerous papers and articles and has spoken before a variety of academic and governmental audiences. He received his M.S.W. from New York University and holds a B.A. in social psychology from Binghamton University in Binghamton, New York.

Cherie Townsend is currently an independent consultant and executive coach for individuals and organizations. She has nearly 40 years of experience as a juvenile justice practitioner and leader, serving as executive director of the Texas Department of Juvenile Justice and the Texas Youth Commission. She led staff in these agencies in a reform effort that dramatically improved outcomes while also closing six secure facilities and eliminating 2,000 staff positions. The reform effort resulted in facilities receiving American Correctional Association accreditation and participating in performance-based standards data collection to target continuous improvement, engagement of families, expanded specialized treatment, and investment in prevention and re-entry services. She also served as director of juvenile justice services in Clark County, Nevada (Las Vegas), a Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative replication site, and as director of juvenile court services in Maricopa County, Arizona (Phoenix). She received the George M. Keiser Award for Exceptional Leadership and has been recognized by the Texas Corrections Association, the Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators, the National Juvenile Court Services Association, and the National Association of Probation Executives. She is a member of the Suicide Prevention Resource Center Steering Committee and the National Re-entry Resource Center Advisory Committee on Juvenile Justice. She has an M.P.A. from Southern Methodist University and an M.B.A. from the University of Texas.

John A. Tuell is the executive director of the Robert F. Kennedy National Resource Center for Juvenile Justice at the Robert F. Kennedy Children’s Action Corps. Prior to this appointment, he served as the director of the MacArthur

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2014. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18753.
×

Foundation Models for Change Initiative at the Robert F. Kennedy Children’s Action Corps. From 2009 to 2013, Mr. Tuell served as the president of Tuell and Associates Consultation, LLC, which provided expert consultation and technical assistance in juvenile justice, child welfare, and multisystem reform and quality improvements. He has authored or contributed to numerous publications and issue briefs supporting the Child Welfare-Juvenile Justice Systems Integration Initiative and addressing other issues relevant to the juvenile justice system. He served in the U.S. Department of Justice as deputy director of the State Relations and Assistance Division in OJJDP. He provided managerial oversight to grant management staff overseeing six grant programs; the Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Chronic, and Violent Offenders Initiative; and for the Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grant Program. From 1979 to 1997, he worked in the Fairfax County, Virginia, Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court as a probation officer, field office probation supervisor, and intake officer and as an administrator at a residential treatment facility for serious and chronic juvenile offenders. Hel earned his B.S.W. from James Madison University and his M.A. in criminal justice from George Washington University.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2014. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18753.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2014. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18753.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2014. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18753.
×
Page101
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2014. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18753.
×
Page102
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2014. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18753.
×
Page103
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee Biographies." National Research Council. 2014. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform: The Federal Role. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18753.
×
Page104
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In the past decade, a number of state, local, and tribal jurisdictions have begun to take significant steps to overhaul their juvenile justice systems - for example, reducing the use of juvenile detention and out-of-home placement, bringing greater attention to racial and ethnic disparities, looking for ways to engage affected families in the process, and raising the age at which juvenile court jurisdiction ends. These changes are the result of heightening awareness of the ineffectiveness of punitive practices and accumulating knowledge about adolescent development. Momentum for reform is growing. However, many more state, local, and tribal jurisdictions need assistance, and practitioners in the juvenile justice field are looking for guidance from the federal government, particularly from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) in the Department of Justice.

Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform identifies and prioritizes strategies and policies to effectively facilitate reform of the juvenile justice system and develop an implementation plan for OJJDP. Based on the 2013 report Reforming Juvenile Justice, this report is designed to provide specific guidance to OJJDP regarding the steps that it should take, both internally and externally, to facilitate juvenile justice reform grounded in knowledge about adolescent development. The report identifies seven hallmarks of a developmental approach to juvenile justice to guide system reform: accountability without criminalization, alternatives to justice system involvement, individualized response based on needs and risks, confinement only when necessary for public safety, genuine commitment to fairness, sensitivity to disparate treatment, and family engagement. Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform outlines how these hallmarks should be incorporated into policies and practices within OJJDP, as well as in actions extended to state, local, and tribal jurisdictions to achieve the goals of the juvenile justice system through a developmentally informed approach.

This report sets forth a detailed and prioritized strategic plan for the federal government to support and facilitate developmentally oriented juvenile justice reform. The pivotal component of the plan is to strengthen the role, capacity, and commitment of OJJDP, the lead federal agency in the field. By carrying out the recommendations of Implementing Juvenile Justice Reform, the federal government will both reaffirm and advance the promise of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act.

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