Lonnie King, D.V.M. (Chair), is dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine and executive dean for the Health Science Colleges at Ohio State University. Earlier, King was the director of the National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne and Enteric Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Before serving as director, King was the first chief of the CDC’s Office of Strategy and Innovation. King has also served as dean of the Michigan State University College of Veterinary Medicine for 10 years. Prior to this, King was the administrator for the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. He served as the country’s chief veterinary officer for 5 years and worked extensively in global trade agreements within the North American Free Trade Agreement and the World Trade Organization. He has served as president of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges and was the vice chair for the National Commission on Veterinary Economic Issues. King received his B.S. and D.V.M. degrees from Ohio State University, an M.S. in epidemiology from the University of Minnesota, and an M.P.A. from American University. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine.
Paul Citron, M.S.E.E., retired as vice president of technology policy and academic relations from Medtronic, Inc., after a 32-year career there. His previous positions include vice president of science and technology, vice president of ventures technology, and vice president as well as director of applied concepts research. He is currently a senior fellow at the William
J. von Liebig Center for Entrepreneurism and Technology and an adjunct professor in the Department of Bioengineering at University of California, San Diego. Citron received a B.S. in electrical engineering from Drexel University—where he later received an honorary doctorate—and an M.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Minnesota. He has authored many publications, has served on several committees of the National Academies, and holds several medical device pacing-related patents. Citron was elected a founding fellow of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, has twice won the American College of Cardiology Governor’s Award for Excellence, and was inducted as a fellow of the Medtronic Bakken Society, the company’s highest technical honor. Citron is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
Rita Colwell, Ph.D., is a distinguished university professor both at the University of Maryland at College Park and at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Her interests are focused on global infectious diseases, water, and health, and she is currently developing an international network to address emerging infectious diseases and water issues, including safe drinking water for both the developed and developing world. Colwell has shown how changes in climate, adverse weather events, shifts in ocean circulation, and other ecological processes can create conditions that allow infectious diseases to spread. In addition to her academic roles, Colwell is chair emeritus of Canon U.S. Life Sciences and chairman and president of CosmosID, which is exploring the potential applications of molecular diagnostic technologies to the field of life sciences. Colwell served as the 11th director of the National Science Foundation from 1998 to 2004. Colwell has previously served as chairman of the board of governors of the American Academy of Microbiology and also as president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Washington Academy of Sciences, the American Society for Microbiology, the Sigma Xi National Science Honorary Society, and the International Union of Microbiological Societies. Colwell has been awarded 58 honorary degrees from institutions of higher education, including her alma mater Purdue University. Colwell holds a B.S. in bacteriology and an M.S. in genetics from Purdue University and a Ph.D. in oceanography from the University of Washington. Colwell is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Royal Irish Academy of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. She is the recipient of the Order of the Rising Sun bestowed by the emperor of Japan and the National Medal of Science bestowed by the president of the United States. She is a U.S. science envoy and a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
Simon Mercer, D.Phil., is the director of health and well-being at Microsoft Research Connections. He leads the creation of a global strategic portfolio of collaborations between Microsoft researchers and academics. Before joining Microsoft, Mercer was the director of software engineering at Gene Codes Corporation, a company specializing in the sequencing and analysis of DNA. Prior to this, Mercer worked in a variety of jobs related to the application of computing to challenges in the life sciences, including at the U.K. Medical Research Council to establish the Human Chromosome Abnormality Database, a health care resource subsequently adopted by the U.K. National Health Service. He then moved to the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics in Berlin, where he helped to create the primary database of the German human genome project. Mercer also led research and development initiatives at Sanger Institute in Cambridge and later became a director in the National Research Council of Canada, where he managed the Canadian Bioinformatics Resource, a pioneer in nationally distributed bioinformatics services and grid technology. Mercer holds a B.Sc. from London University and a doctorate from Oxford. He has also completed training as an Oracle database administrator and holds several patents in the area of computational biology and health care.
Charles Phelps, Ph.D., is a university professor and provost emeritus at the University of Rochester. Phelps began his research career at the RAND Corporation, where he served as a senior staff economist and the director of the Program on Regulatory Policies and Institutions. At RAND Phelps’s research included the economics of health care, U.S. petroleum price regulations, water markets in California, and environmental regulatory policy. In 1984 Phelps moved to the University of Rochester, where he held appointments in the departments of economics and political science and served as the director of the Public Policy Analysis Program and the chair of the Department of Community and Preventive Medicine in the School of Medicine and Dentistry. He served as the provost of the University of Rochester from 1994 to 2007. Phelps’s research cuts across the fields of health economics, health policy, medical decision analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis of various medical interventions, and other related topics. He wrote a leading textbook in the field, Health Economics (Addison Wesley, now in its fifth edition) and Eight Questions You Should Ask About Our Health Care System—Even if the Answers Make You Sick (Hoover Institution Press, 2010). Phelps has testified before congressional committees on health policy and intellectual property issues. He serves as the chairman of the board of directors of VirtualScopics, Inc., and as a consultant to
the division of research at Kaiser Permenante. He is a founding member of the Health Care Task Force of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. He received his B.A. in mathematics from Pomona College, an M.B.A. in hospital administration, and a Ph.D. in business economics from the University of Chicago. Phelps is a fellow of the National Bureau of Economic Research and a member of the Institute of Medicine.
Rino Rappuoli, Ph.D., is the global head of vaccines research for Novartis Vaccines. Previously, he was chief scientific officer and vice president of vaccines research for Chiron Corporation. Earlier, he served on various leadership positions in vaccine discovery and research within the company at IRIS, the Chiron S.p.A. Research Institute. Prior to that, he was a head of the Laboratory of Bacterial Vaccines at the Sclavo Research Center and a visiting scientist at Harvard Medical School and the Rockefeller Institute. He is the author of more than 500 original papers in peer-reviewed journals and has served as reviewer for numerous scientific publications. Rappuoli obtained his doctoral degree in biological sciences at the University of Siena. He has been awarded the Albert Sabin Gold Medal in recognition of his work in the field of vaccine discoveries and the Gold Medal by the Italian President for contributions to public health. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
Edward Shortliffe, M.D., Ph.D., is a professor of biomedical informatics at Arizona State University, an adjunct professor of Biomedical Informatics at Columbia University, an adjunct professor of health policy and research (health informatics) at Weill Cornell Medical College, and a scholar in residence at the New York Academy of Medicine. Previously, he served as the president and chief executive officer of the American Medical Informatics Association. He has also served on the faculty of the University of Texas Health Science Center and the University of Arizona College of Medicine. Before that he was the Rolf A. Scholdager professor and chair of the Department of Biomedical Informatics at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and a professor of medicine and of computer science at Stanford University. He received his A.B. in applied mathematics from Harvard College and an M.D. and a Ph.D. in medical information sciences from Stanford University. His research interests include the broad range of issues related to integrated decision-support systems, their effective implementation, and the role of the Internet in health care. He is a master of the American College of Physicians and editor-in-chief of the Journal of Biomedical Informatics. Shortliffe is a fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics and the American Association for Artificial
Intelligence and an elected member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation and the Association of American Physicians. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine.
Peter Speyer, M.B.E., M.B.A., is the chief data and technology officer at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington, where he has directed the development of the Global Health Data Exchange and interactive data visualizations. Prior to joining IHME, Speyer spent most of his career in strategy and product management, working most recently for the image licensing company Corbis as its director of market strategy and director of product management. Speyer previously worked in the corporate strategy departments of the travel company Thomas Cook and the media conglomerate Bertelsmann in Germany, and he managed foreign licenses for the leading German TV network, RTL Television. Speyer holds an M.B.A. from Temple University in Philadelphia and a master’s degree in business and engineering from the University of Karlsruhe, Germany.
Guy Steele, Ph.D., is a software architect for Oracle Labs, where he is responsible for research in language design, implementation strategies, and architectural and software support for programming languages. He received his A.B. in applied mathematics from Harvard College and his S.M. and Ph.D. in computer science and artificial intelligence from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prior to becoming a member of Oracle Labs, he was an assistant professor of computer science at Carnegie Mellon University, a member of the technical staff at Tartan Laboratories, a senior scientist at Thinking Machines Corporation, and a distinguished engineer and then a Sun Fellow at Sun Microsystems Laboratories. He is an author or co-author of five books on programming languages and is a recipient of Grace Murray Hopper Award from the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) and an ACM SIGPLAN Programming Languages Achievement Award. He is a fellow of the ACM, American Association for Artificial Intelligence, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
Guruprasad Madhavan, Ph.D. (Project Director), is a senior program officer in the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice at the Institute of Medicine. He is also a senior program officer for the Committee
on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, a joint unit of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. Madhavan received his M.S. and Ph.D. in biomedical engineering and an M.B.A. from the State University of New York. He has worked in the medical device industry as a research scientist developing cardiac surgical catheters for ablation therapy and has been a strategic consultant for technology startup firms and nonprofit organizations. Madhavan is a vice-president of IEEE-USA and a founding member of the Global Young Academy. Madhavan has co-edited five books. Among many honors, he has been named as 1 among 14 people as the “New Faces of Engineering” in USA Today and as a distinguished young scientist under the age of 40 by the World Economic Forum. Madhavan has received the National Academies’ Innovator Award and the Cecil Award, the highest distinction for a staff member of the Institute of Medicine.
Kinpritma Sangha, M.P.H., was an associate program officer in the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice at the Institute of Medicine until July 2014. Earlier, she worked at the National Women’s Law Center as well as at the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. She previously served as a research assistant in the University of California, Davis, Medical Center’s Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network. She received her B.S. in cellular and molecular biology and Asian American studies from the University of California, Davis, and an M.P.H. in health policy from George Washington University.
Angela Martin, B.S., is a senior program assistant with the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice at the Institute of Medicine. She previously worked with the Board on Army Science and Technology at the National Research Council. She received a B.S. degree in psychology with a minor in English from the University of Maryland University College. She received an honorable discharge from the U.S. Navy after serving 6 years on active duty and is currently an inactive member of the U.S. Air Force Reserves, where she served as a flight attendant on distinguished visitor airlifts.
Rose Marie Martinez, Sc.D., is senior director of the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice at the Institute of Medicine. Under her leadership, the board has examined such topics as the safety of childhood vaccines, pandemic influenza preparedness, the revival of civilian immunization against smallpox, the health effect of environmental exposures, the capacity of governmental public health to respond to health crises, systems
for evaluating and ensuring drug safety post-marketing, the soundness and ethical conduct of clinical trials to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS, and chronic disease prevention. Prior to joining the Institute of Medicine, Martinez was a senior health researcher at Mathematica Policy Research, where she conducted research on the impact of health system change on the public health infrastructure, access to care for vulnerable populations, managed care, and the health care workforce. Martinez is a former assistant director for health financing and policy with the U.S. General Accounting Office, where she directed evaluations and policy analysis in the area of national and public health issues. Her experience also includes 6 years directing research studies for the Regional Health Ministry of Madrid, Spain. Martinez received her Sc.D. from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health and was awarded the Cecil Award, the highest distinction for a staff member of the Institute of Medicine.
Patrick Kelley, M.D., Dr.P.H., is senior director of the Board on Global Health and the Board on African Science Academy Development at the National Academies. Kelley has overseen a portfolio of Institute of Medicine studies and activities on subjects as wide-ranging as the evaluation of the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the U.S. commitment to global health, sustainable surveillance for zoonotic infections, global violence prevention, and setting priorities to build capacity for food and drug regulation in low- and middle-income countries. Prior to joining the National Academies, Kelley served on active duty in the U.S. Army for more than two decades as a public health physician–epidemiologist focusing on infectious disease surveillance and control and as a preventive medicine residency director and research program manager. In his last position within the U.S. Department of Defense, Kelley founded and directed the Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System. He also served as the specialty editor for the two-volume textbook Military Preventive Medicine: Mobilization and Deployment. Kelley received his M.D. from the University of Virginia and a Dr.P.H. in infectious disease epidemiology from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health.
Proctor Reid, Ph.D., is director of the program office at the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). In this capacity, he oversees all NAE program activities and staff and directs the NAE policy research programs. He has served as the lead professional staff member for multiple NAE committee studies, workshops, and symposia on issues related to the globalization of engineering; the technological dimensions of competitiveness; international cooperation on energy and environment; systems approaches to
health and health care; the future of engineering education, research, and practice; and the vitality of the engineering workforce. Reid has served as a professorial lecturer at the Johns Hopkins University Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, where he also received his Ph.D. in international relations. Reid formerly taught as an instructor in political economy at Oberlin College and worked as a consultant to the National Research Council and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. He is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and he served as a secretary to its section on industrial science and technology.
Lori Adakilty, B.S., is a principal program manager for Microsoft Research Connections. She has 20 years of experience in software engineering efforts from inception through release, and has worked on many different projects, including Encarta, Windows, Visual Studio, and Xbox. She spent a few years working on process improvement efforts and earned her Six Sigma Black Belt, and she also created original courseware and conducted classes on how to get to the right metrics and measurements. Adakilty has served 20 years in the military, both on active duty and in the Air National Guard, where she gained experience in graphic design and information systems, helping to create a reporting analytics tool for area commanders long before such tools were common. She received her B.S. in computer science from St. Martin’s College in Olympia, Washington.
Guthrie Birkhead, M.D., M.P.H., is the deputy commissioner at the Office of Public Health at the New York State Department of Health, where he is the chief public health physician. Birkhead is a graduate of the Epidemic Intelligence Service program and the preventive medicine residency program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is board certified in internal medicine and preventive medicine, and has a master’s degree in public health. In addition to his work at the health department, he is also a professor of epidemiology at the School of Public Health, University at Albany. He is a past member of the federal Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices and past chair of the National Vaccine Advisory Committee.
Prasad Kulkarni, M.D., is the medical director of the Serum Institute of India Limited where he has been involved in the scientific development of new vaccines. He has carried out clinical trials for vaccines against measles; rubella; measles, mumps, and rubella; diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis
(DTP); hepatitis B; Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib); DTP–hepatitis B; DTP–hepatitis B–Hib; rabies; and H1N1 as well as trials for other therapeutic products. Kulkarni is a graduate and postgraduate of B.J. Medical College, Pune, with specialization in clinical pharmacology. Kulkarni has also been a faculty member at many institutes and workshops including the Annual Indian Vaccinology Course. He is an associate editor of Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics and has served as a temporary advisor to the World Health Organization.
Scott Levin, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the Department of Emergency Medicine and holds a joint appointment in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics at the Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering. He also works as a member of the Department of Operations Integration to advance operational, quality, and financial improvement initiatives within the Johns Hopkins Health System. Levin’s research focuses on the use and development of systems engineering tools to study and improve the effectiveness, safety, and efficiency of health care delivery. Levin’s research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Levin received his Ph.D. in biomedical engineering from Vanderbilt University.
Eduardo Guzmán Morales, M.D., is a technical advisor to the undersecretary of prevention and health promotion at the Ministry of Health in Mexico. He has worked in the public health sector in Mexico since 2001. He has been involved in field work during natural disasters and has participated in preparedness planning efforts. He completed his medical degree at the Autonomous University of Puebla specializing in epidemiology.
Estefanía De La Paz Nicolau, M.D., M.P.H., is an advisor to the undersecretary of prevention and health promotion at the Ministry of Health in Mexico. Her prior research work has centered on obesity and chronic diseases at the National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition in Mexico City. She obtained her medical degree at the Anahuac University in Mexico City and her master’s degree in public health from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Patricia Satjapot, M.S., is an associate director at Johns Hopkins Medicine International, where she oversees the business and project management division and the administrative residency program. She previously worked as a clinical analyst at University Health System Consortium and at
Bumrungrad International Hospital in Bangkok, Thailand. She is a graduate of Rush University, where she earned her M.S. in health systems management, and she is pursuing her Ph.D. in health services research (with a concentration in international health care) at Virginia Commonwealth University. Satjapot’s professional interests include evidence-based management, analytics, and international health services research.
Sauleh Siddiqui, Ph.D., is an assistant professor in the Departments of Civil Engineering and Applied Mathematics and Statistics at the Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering, and he is affiliated with the Systems Institute. Siddiqui’s research uses optimization, game theory, and probabilistic techniques to study large-scale systems in energy and environmental markets, transportation, and health care. Siddiqui received his Ph.D. in applied mathematics and statistics and scientific computation from the University of Maryland, College Park.
John Spika, M.D., is the director general of the Centre for Immunization and Respiratory Infectious Diseases at the Public Health Agency of Canada. He also serves as the health portfolio task force leader for pandemic (H1N1) influenza preparations and response. Spika is a specialist in pediatric infectious diseases and has worked in public health for more than 25 years, including time at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Health Canada/Public Health Agency of Canada, and the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. He is a graduate of the CDC Epidemic Intelligence Service program. He has widely published on subjects related to immunization, host defense, and food-borne and respiratory diseases.