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Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability (2015)

Chapter:Appendix G: Results of a USDA ARS- and NIFA-Sponsored Workshop on Animal Health

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Results of a USDA ARS- and NIFA-Sponsored Workshop on Animal Health." National Research Council. 2015. Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/19000.
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G

Results of a USDA ARS- and NIFA-Sponsored Workshop on Animal Health

In 2010, the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) held a joint animal health research planning workshop with the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA). ARS plays a key role in identifying and addressing research needs within the animal science discipline. Stakeholders from this workshop developed the following prioritized list of animal health priorities for future research (Table G-1).1

TABLE G-1 Animal Health Priorities for Future Research

Species Ranked 1 Ranked 2 Ranked 3 Ranked 4 Ranked 5 Ranked 6
Beef cattle Bovine respiratory disease complex including BVD -Mycobacterial diseases (TB and Johnes) -Vectorborne diseases -Infectious reproductive disease Minimize impact of emerging infectious diseases Animal well-being

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1 Additional information can be found at http://www.ars.usda.gov/SP2UserFiles/Program/103/ARSNIFAWorkshop/PrioritiesCondensedFinal.pdf. Accessed September 2, 2014.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Results of a USDA ARS- and NIFA-Sponsored Workshop on Animal Health." National Research Council. 2015. Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/19000.
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Species Ranked 1 Ranked 2 Ranked 3 Ranked 4 Ranked 5 Ranked 6
Poultry breeder/ layers Housing systems’ influence on health/welfare Salmonella enteriditis Tumor viruses Colibacillosis Mycoplasma gallisepticum Infectious laryngotracheitis
Poultry/ broilers/ meat Functional genomics for disease resistance GI disease/ integrity/host microbial interactions Disease affecting world trade Respiratory disease complex Vaccines and their limitations Tumor viruses (Marek’s, ALV, REV)
Dairy Equine Lameness Emerging & reemerging diseases Johnes Noninfectious diseases of economic importance Tuberculosis Reproductive and developmental health Mastitis Equine genomics Transition cow Foreign diseases & zoonoses Infertility Nutrition and metabolic disorders
Goat Gastrointestinal parasites (worms and protozoa) Species-specific approvals for necessary pharmaceuticals Control measures for caseous lymphadenitis Mastitis control and treatment Q Fever Eradicate scrapie
Swine PRRS elimination Emerging and zoonotic diseases Optimize health of growing pig Periparturient production efficiency Healthy pig production with restricted antimicrobial access Foreign animal diseases
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Results of a USDA ARS- and NIFA-Sponsored Workshop on Animal Health." National Research Council. 2015. Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/19000.
×
Species Ranked 1 Ranked 2 Ranked 3 Ranked 4 Ranked 5 Ranked 6
Sheep Research on bighorn/domestic sheep compatibility Eradicate scrapie Control and prevention of ovine progressive pneumonia Prevent malignant catarrhal fever in bison and cattle Genetic/ genomic solutions to economically significant sheep diseases Improved diagnostics for ovine Johnes, Q Fever, and Brucella ovis
Specialty species Tuberculosis rapid diagnostic tools Prevent sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever in specialty farmed species Epizootic hemorrhage disease/ bluetongue Bacterial pneumonia—Pasturella/Fus obacteria Parasite control Tools and resources
Turkey Clostrial dermatitis (turkey cellulitis) Preharvest food safety Influenza in turkey breeders Enhanced gut health Histomoniasis Understanding the adaptability of pathogens to current treatments
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Results of a USDA ARS- and NIFA-Sponsored Workshop on Animal Health." National Research Council. 2015. Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/19000.
×
Page395
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Results of a USDA ARS- and NIFA-Sponsored Workshop on Animal Health." National Research Council. 2015. Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/19000.
×
Page396
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Results of a USDA ARS- and NIFA-Sponsored Workshop on Animal Health." National Research Council. 2015. Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/19000.
×
Page397
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By 2050 the world's population is projected to grow by one-third, reaching between 9 and 10 billion. With globalization and expected growth in global affluence, a substantial increase in per capita meat, dairy, and fish consumption is also anticipated. The demand for calories from animal products will nearly double, highlighting the critical importance of the world's animal agriculture system. Meeting the nutritional needs of this population and its demand for animal products will require a significant investment of resources as well as policy changes that are supportive of agricultural production. Ensuring sustainable agricultural growth will be essential to addressing this global challenge to food security.

Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability identifies areas of research and development, technology, and resource needs for research in the field of animal agriculture, both nationally and internationally. This report assesses the global demand for products of animal origin in 2050 within the framework of ensuring global food security; evaluates how climate change and natural resource constraints may impact the ability to meet future global demand for animal products in sustainable production systems; and identifies factors that may impact the ability of the United States to meet demand for animal products, including the need for trained human capital, product safety and quality, and effective communication and adoption of new knowledge, information, and technologies.

The agricultural sector worldwide faces numerous daunting challenges that will require innovations, new technologies, and new ways of approaching agriculture if the food, feed, and fiber needs of the global population are to be met. The recommendations of Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability will inform a new roadmap for animal science research to meet the challenges of sustainable animal production in the 21st century.

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