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GERARD PETER KUIPER 279 at Yerkes and McDonald observatories are located in the Archives of the Yerkes Observatory, Williams Bay, Wisconsin, while certain early letters are contained in the Mary Lea Shane Archives of the Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz. THIS BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR is based in part on my article about Kuiper in Sky and Telescope 47 (1974):159-164. In preparing this memoir, I have benefited from interviews and correspondence with the late Bart J. Bok, Martin Schwarzschild, E. A. Whitaker, Donald M. Hunten, W. J. Luyten, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Oort, W. W. Morgan, and especially Tom Gehrels. Numerous colleagues and students of Kuiper commented on early drafts. I thank Mrs. Sarah F. Kuiper Lansberg for her friendship, interest, and support in the preparation of this memoir. NOTE 1. Quotation from Kuiper's address on December 28, 1971, when he received the Kepler Gold Medal at a joint meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Franklin Institute. For the full text, see Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory 9(1972-73):403.