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29 for permits and fee payment. Projecting the consequences of changes in the limits requires models or assumptions about how these features of the regulations influence the decisions of shippers, truck operators, and vehicle manufacturers. For example, coupling changes in highway user fees and taxes with changes in limits to ensure that operators of new trucks paid the costs of providing facilities for them would greatly alter the public costs and benefits of changes in the limits. Although the 1981 and 2000 USDOT truck size and weight studies were conducted in conjunction with highway cost allocation studies, they did not estimate how changes in user fees would affect their impact estimates. Adoption of performance-based standards (see candidate safety research Topic 8 in Box 8) is another example of a prominent policy option that was not considered in past USDOT truck size and weight studies and will require special research to evaluate. REFERENCES FHWA (Federal Highway Administration). 1981. An Investigation of Truck Size and Weight Limits: Final Report. August. FHWA. 2000. Comprehensive Truck Size and Weight Study: Summary Report. August. https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/otps/truck/finalreport.cfm. FHWA. 2015. Comprehensive Truck Size and Weight Limits Study: Bridge Structure Comparative Analysis Technical Report. June. FHWA. 2016a. Comprehensive Truck Size and Weight Limits Study: Report to Congress. April. https://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/sw/map21tswstudy/index.htm. FHWA. 2016b. Comprehensive Truck Size and Weight Limits Study: Data Acquisition and Technical Analysis Plan: Final Report. April. https://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/sw/map21tswstudy/index.htm. FHWA. n.d. Maine and Vermont Interstate Highway Heavy Truck Pilot Program: 6-Month Report. ITS Joint Program Office, U.S. Department of Transportation. 2015. Dynamic Mobility Applications Program Roadmap and Project Descriptions (Phases 1, 2 and 3). May 8. Knight, B. 2017. Controversial âgigalinerâ trucks roll on to Germanyâs highways. Deutsche Welle. March 1. http://www.dw.com/en/controversial-gigaliner-trucks-roll-on-to-germanys-highways/a-36990679. Limbeck, S., J. Gail, H. Schwedhelm, and I. Jungfeld. 2017. Contribution and Views of the Federal Highway Research Institute of Germany (BAST). Appendix A of Deliverable D.5.5â Recommendations for EC Wide Regulatory Framework (Legislation) on Dimensions and Loads of Vehicles. May 31. www.transformers-project.eu. Netherlands, Ministry for Infrastructure and Environment. 2011. Longer and Heavier Vehicles in Practice: Economic, Logistical and Social Effects. July. Roads and Transportation Association of Canada. 1986. Vehicle Weights and Dimensions Study: Technical Steering Committee Report. December. Rogoff, P. 2015. Letter to the Honorable Bill Shuster, June 5. https://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/sw/map21tswstudy/technical_rpts/index.htm. Shladover, S. and D. Gettman. 2015. Connected/Automated Vehicle Research Roadmap for AASHTO: Deliverable 2: Research Roadmap. NCHRP Project 20-24 (98).
30 Solomon, D. and others. 1972. Summary and Assessment of Sizes and Weights Report. Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. August. TRB. 1990. Truck Weight Limits: Issues and Options. Special Report 225. http://www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/152259.aspx. TRB. 2002. Regulation of Weights, Lengths, and Widths of Commercial Motor Vehicles. Special Report 267. http://www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/160998.aspx. TRB. 2015. Review of U.S. Department of Transportation Truck Size and Weight Study: Second Report: Review of USDOT Technical Reports. October 5. http://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/173282.aspx.