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Escalator Falls (2020)

Chapter: References and Bibliography

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Page 58
Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Escalator Falls. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25899.
Page 58
Page 59
Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Escalator Falls. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25899.
Page 59

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58 References and Bibliography References Airport Technology. 2017. Is Remote Baggage Drop-off the Next Big Travel Innovation? Airport Technology. https:// 5935412/. ANSI. 2016. ASME A17.1-2016—Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators—ANSI Blog. The ANSI Blog. https:// APTA. 2019. Heavy-Duty Escalator Design Guidelines (Recommended Practice APTA RT-EE-RP-001-02 REV 3; p. 30). APTA. Accessed September 11, 2019. RP-001-02_Rev_3.pdf. Bothwell, P. 2013. Public Service Announcement: Signage on Escalator & Moving Walk Handrails—EHC Global. Chi, C.-F., Chang, T.-C., and Tsou, C.-L. 2006. In-depth Investigation of Escalator Riding Accidents in Heavy Capacity MRT Stations. Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 662–670. j.aap.2005.12.010. Colour Blindness Awareness. 2019. Cooper, D. A. 2005. An Investigation into Accidents Involving Luggage Trolleys and/or Shopping Carts on Escalators. PhD Dissertation. University College Northampton, United Kingdom. Elevating Studio. 2018. How Common Are Escalator and Elevator Accidents? Elevating Studio. https://elevating- Federal Aviation Administration. 2013. Advisory Circular 150/5360-12E (Cancelled), Airport Signing and Graphics (Advisory Circular AC 150/5360-12F), U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. Griffin, G. 2008. Escalator Safety. ESIS Global Risk Control Services. Harding, J. R., Bosch, S. J., Rayfield, W. P., Florie, J. Van Horn, L., Pound, P., Lipp, E., Shevrin, J. T., Sanford, J. A., Barbeau, S. J., Duval, J. K, and Gantt, C. 2017. ACRP Research Report 177: Enhancing Airport Wayfinding for Aging Travelers and Persons with Disabilities. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. https:// Harley, P. 2016. LU’s Escalator Passenger Safety Strategy: Making Passengers Safer. Intelligent Transport. Available on open source via SPARK. Howland, J., Bibi, S., English, J., Dyer, S., and Peterson, E. W. 2012. Older Adult Falls at a Metropolitan Airport: 2009–2010. Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 133–136. Hunter-Zaworski, K. 1989. A Synopsis of Accessibility Features of Skytrain—Vancouver’s Rapid Transit System. ITE Journal, Vol. 59, No. 1. Hunter-Zaworski, K. M., and Bricheux, C. 1998. Application of Ergonomic Guidelines on Emerging Intelligent Transport System (ITS) Technologies for Application to Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS) Practice. Final Report, ITS-IDEA Project #40. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. Langham, B. 2015. Optimization of the Running Speed of Escalators on the London Underground. Lift and Escalator Symposium Proceedings, pp. 105–116. Low, J. A., and Chan, D. K. Y. 2002. Air Travel in Older People. Age and Ageing, Vol. 31, pp. 17–22. McCann, M. 2013. Deaths and Injuries Involving Elevators and Escalators. The Center for Construction Research and Training, Silver Spring, MD. McIntosh, I. B., Swanson, V., Power, K. G., Raeside, F., and Dempster, C. 1998. Anxiety and Health Problems Related to Air Travel. Journal of Travel Medicine, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 198–204. j.1708-8305.1998.tb00507.x.

References and Bibliography 59 MSP. 2019. MSP Reimagined. MSP Reimagined Ticketing and Baggage Claim. ticketing-and-baggage-claim/. National Elevator Industry, Inc. (NEII). 2019. Elevator and Escalator Fun Fact. NEII, Centreville, VA. Nicolson, C. 2008. Risk Mitigation Associated with Airport Escalator and Moving Sidewalk Operations [paper]. International Association of Airport Executives Canada. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. O’Neil, J., Steele, G. K., Huisingh, C., and Smith, G. A. 2008. Escalator-Related Injuries Among Older Adults in the United States, 1991–2005. Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol. 40, No, 2, pp. 527–533. 10.1016/j.aap.2007.08.008. Rhodes, M. 2019. Baggage Handling: Reducing Congestion with Innovative Solutions. International Airport Review. Ruibal, E. G., Mieres, I. G., Ignasi, O. G., Cooper, D. A., and Batalla, J. D. 2015. Escalator Accidents Analysis. Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies, Vol. 5, pp. 181–191. Safety, Accessibility and Sustainability Panel. June 30, 2016. Improving Escalator Safety. Transport for London. Santos, M. 2014. Sea-Tac Airport Illustrates the Human Element in Escalator Accidents. Tacoma News Tribune, June 28, 2014. Steele, G. K., O’Neil, J., Huisingh, C., and Smith, G. 2010. Elevator-Related Injuries to Older Adults in the United States, 1990 to 2006. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection and Critical Care, Vol. 68, No. 1, pp. 188–192. Stewart, A. 2017. Project Update: Escalator Safety Risk Mitigation. PeopleTrans—Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering, June 22, 2017. update-escalator-safety-risk-mitigation. TransSolutions, LLC, Clemson University, and Kimley-Horn and Associates, Inc. 2012. ACRP Report 67: Airport Passenger Conveyance Systems Planning Guidebook. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. TSSA. 2019. Annual State of Public Safety Report, 2019 Edition. Technical Standards and Safety Authority. https:// U.S. Access Board. 2015. Elevators and Platform Lifts: U.S. Access Board Technical Guide. U.S. Access Board, Washington, D.C. Williams, S., and Sevenants, J. 2015. Optic Technology for the Entrapment Issues of Side of Step, Comb Plate and Lift Doors. Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies, Vol. 5, pp. 209–216. Bibliography Al-Sharif, L., Dado, M. H., Habash, N., Rawashdeh, Z. E., and Al-Shubbak, A. 2012. Modeling and Verification of the Kinematics of Passenger Falls on Escalators. SIMULATION, Vol. 88, No. 8, pp. 988–998. https:// Dhanasekaran, R., Vinothkanna, R., Sreenatha, R., Narendra, K., and Kalyan, P., 2016. A Review of Escalator Accidents and Preclusion. Global Research and Development Journal for Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 12, p. 5. Great American Insurance Group. n.d. Escalator Safety. Loss Prevention Safety Topics. Great American Insurance Group, Cincinnati, Ohio. IEM, Inc. 2019. ACRP Research Results Digest 201: Airport Emergency Communications for People with Disabilities and Others with Access and Functional Needs. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. https:// Kauffmann, P., and Kikuchi, S. 2013. Modeling the Practical Capacity of Escalators: A Behavioral Approach to Pedestrian Simulation. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2350, Vol. 1, pp. 136–142. KONE Inc. 2016. Planning Guide for KONE Escalators and Auto Walks. KONE Inc, Lisle, Ill. Nordstrom, R. Orlando Int’l Enhances Service with New Remote Baggage Screening Facility. 2012. Airport Improvement Magazine, September. Accessed November 13, 2019. orlando-intl-enhances-service-new-remote-baggage-screening-facility. Quilty, S. M. 2019. ACRP Synthesis 95: Airport Incident Reporting Practices. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. Schiavone, J. J. 2012. TCRP Synthesis 100: Elevator and Escalator Maintenance and Safety Practices. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. Spevacek, A., Elrod, C., White, J., Schwab, K., Kolp, T., and Tutterow, V. 2014. ACRP Report 117: Airport Escalators and Moving Walkways—Cost-Savings and Energy Reduction Technologies. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. Welch, P. J. August 2000. Escalator Modernization Versus Replacement. Elevator World.

Next: Appendix A - Abbreviations, Airport Codes, and Terms »
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 Escalator Falls
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Escalator falls are a significant concern for risk management staff at airports and in mass transit systems. The major differences between the airport and transit environments are the amount of baggage carried onto the escalator and the level of unfamiliarity of people with the escalator environment in airports.

The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's ACRP Synthesis 109: Escalator Falls identifies and describes methods to mitigate risks associated with escalator usage.

Risk management professionals from both the airport and transit environments have expressed interest in developing common reporting schemes and more robust data analysis to identify common causes of escalator falls.


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