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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2018-2020 Assessment of the Army Research Office. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26324.
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2018-2020
ASSESSMENT OF THE
ARMY RESEARCH OFFICE

2018 Panel on Review of Extramural Basic Research at the Army Research Laboratory
2019 Panel on Review of Extramural Basic Research at the Army Research Laboratory
2020 Panel on Engineering Sciences at the Army Research Office

Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board

Laboratory Assessments Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

A Consensus Study Report of

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2018-2020 Assessment of the Army Research Office. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26324.
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This activity was supported by Contract No. W911QX-20-C0008 from the Army Research Laboratory. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-09403-0
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-09403-8
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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2018-2020 Assessment of the Army Research Office. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26324.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2018-2020 Assessment of the Army Research Office. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26324.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2018-2020 Assessment of the Army Research Office. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26324.
×

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Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2018-2020 Assessment of the Army Research Office. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26324.
×

2018 PANEL ON REVIEW OF EXTRAMURAL BASIC RESEARCH AT THE ARMY RESEARCH LABORATORY

FREDERICK R. CHANG, NAE,1 Southern Methodist University, Chair

PETER A. BELING, University of Virginia

JAMES O. BERGER, NAS,2 Duke University

JONATHAN N. BLAKELY, Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development and Engineering Center

RANDAL E. BRYANT, NAE, Carnegie Mellon University

ALICIA L. CARRIQUIRY, NAM,3 Iowa State University

BHARAT DOSHI, Army Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center

VIRGIL GLIGOR, Carnegie Mellon University

GERALD F. GOODWIN, Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

WILLIAM D. GROPP, NAE, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

BRUCE HAJEK, NAE, University of Illinois

MARY JANE IRWIN, NAE, Pennsylvania State University

PETER M. KOGGE, University of Notre Dame

DAVID A. LAMB, Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center

PATRICK MCDANIEL, Pennsylvania State University

SORIN MITRAN, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

RADIA PERLMAN, NAE, Dell EMC Corporation

STEPHEN M. ROBINSON, NAE, University of Wisconsin, Madison

JONATHAN M. SMITH, University of Pennsylvania

Staff

AZEB GETACHEW, Senior Program Assistant

EVA LABRE, Administrative Coordinator

JAMES P. MCGEE, Director, Laboratory Assessments Board

2019 PANEL ON REVIEW OF EXTRAMURAL BASIC RESEARCH AT THE ARMY RESEARCH LABORATORY

DAVID A. WEITZ, NAS/NAE, Harvard University, Chair

RICHARD C. ALKIRE, NAE, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

ROBERT H. AUSTIN, NAS, Princeton University

BART M. BARTLETT, University of Michigan

JEF D. BOEKE, NAS, New York University Langone Health

JAMES R. BROCKMOLE, University of Notre Dame

PAUL M. CHAIKIN, NAS, New York University

CHARLES W. CLARK, National Institute of Standards and Technology

VINCENT P. CONTICELLO, Emory University

BARBARA A. DOSHER, NAS, University of California, Irvine

MIGUEL A. GARCIA-GARIBAY, University of California, Los Angeles

RACHEL S. GOLDMAN, University of Michigan

SUSAN GOTTESMAN, NAS, National Institutes of Health

WILLIAM R. JACOBS, JR., NAS, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

3 Member, National Academy of Medicine.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2018-2020 Assessment of the Army Research Office. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26324.
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JERRY A. KRILL, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

FRANCES S. LIGLER, NAE, North Carolina State University/University of North Carolina

LAURIE E. LOCASCIO, University of Maryland

WILLIAM S. MARRAS, NAE, Ohio State University

PIERRE MEYSTRE, University of Arizona

PETER B. MOORE, NAS, Yale University

PAUL F. NEALEY, NAE, University of Chicago

C. KUMAR N. PATEL, NAS/NAE, Pranalytica, Inc.

MICHAEL V. ROMALIS, Princeton University

PATRICK H. VACCARO, Yale University

XIAOYANG ZHU, Columbia University

Staff

AZEB GETACHEW, Senior Program Assistant

EVA LABRE, Administrative Coordinator

JAMES P. MCGEE, Director, Laboratory Assessments Board

ARUL MOZHI, Senior Program Officer

2020 PANEL ON ENGINEERING SCIENCES AT THE ARMY RESEARCH OFFICE

JAMES S. HARRIS, NAE, Stanford University, Chair

ILHAN A. AKSAY, NAE, Princeton University

ELLEN M. ARRUDA, NAE, University of Michigan

GREGORY B. BAECHER, NAE, University of Maryland

MICHAEL I. BASKES, NAE, University of North Texas

MARCIA A. COOPER, Sandia National Laboratories

DEREK ELSWORTH, NAE, Pennsylvania State University

AMIT GOYAL, NAE, University at Buffalo, State University of New York (SUNY-Buffalo)

GEORGE T. GRAY, III (RUSTY), NAE, Los Alamos National Laboratory

WESLEY L. HARRIS, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

LINDA P.B. KATEHI, NAE, Texas A&M University

THOMAS L. KOCH, NAE, University of Arizona

JUAN C. LASHERAS, NAE, University of California, San Diego

C. KUMAR N. PATEL, NAS/NAE, Pranalytica, Inc.

ANDREA PROSPERETTI, NAE, University of Houston

ELSA REICHMANIS, NAE, Lehigh University

KENNETH L. REIFSNIDER, NAE, University of Texas at Arlington Research Institute

WILLIAM A. SIRIGNANO, NAE, University of California, Irvine

A. GALIP ULSOY, NAE, University of Michigan

CHRISTINE A. WANG, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Lincoln Laboratory

ALAN E. WILLNER, NAE, University of Southern California

Staff

AZEB GETACHEW, Senior Program Assistant

EVA LABRE, Administrative Coordinator

JAMES P. MCGEE, Director, Laboratory Assessments Board

ARUL MOZHI, Senior Program Officer

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2018-2020 Assessment of the Army Research Office. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26324.
×

ARMY RESEARCH LABORATORY TECHNICAL ASSESSMENT BOARD

JENNIE S. HWANG, NAE, Case Western Reserve University; H-Technologies Group, Chair

FREDERICK R. CHANG, NAE, Southern Methodist University

MARK E. EBERHART, Colorado School of Mines

PRABHAT HAJELA, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

JAMES S. HARRIS, NAE, Stanford University

WESLEY L. HARRIS, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

WILLIAM S. MARRAS, NAE, Ohio State University

DANIEL A. REED, University of Utah

LESLIE E. SMITH, National Institute of Standards and Technology (Emeritus)

DAVID A. WEITZ, NAS/NAE, Harvard University

Staff

AZEB GETACHEW, Senior Program Assistant

EVA LABRE, Administrative Coordinator

JAMES P. MCGEE, Director, Laboratory Assessments Board

ARUL MOZHI, Senior Program Officer

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2018-2020 Assessment of the Army Research Office. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26324.
×

LABORATORY ASSESSMENTS BOARD

ROSS B. COROTIS, NAE, University of Colorado, Boulder, Chair

WESLEY L. HARRIS, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

JENNIE S. HWANG, NAE, Case Western Reserve University; H-Technologies Group

W. CARL LINEBERGER, NAS, JILA,4 University of Colorado, Boulder

C. KUMAR N. PATEL, NAS/NAE, University of California, Los Angeles; Pranalytica, Inc.

ELSA REICHMANIS, NAE, Lehigh University

LYLE H. SCHWARTZ, NAE, University of South Florida, Tampa

Staff

AZEB GETACHEW, Senior Program Assistant

EVA LABRE, Administrative Coordinator

JAMES P. MCGEE, Director

ARUL MOZHI, Senior Program Officer

MARTIN OFFUTT, Senior Program Officer (until August 27, 2021)

___________________

4 JILA, formerly known as the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, is a physical science research institute located on the University of Colorado, Boulder, campus. JILA is jointly operated by the University of Colorado and the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2018-2020 Assessment of the Army Research Office. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26324.
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Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Neil G. Siegel, NAE, Northrop Grumman Corporation (retired). He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

2 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. 2018-2020 Assessment of the Army Research Office. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26324.
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The mission of the Army Research Office (ARO), as part of the U.S. Army Futures Command—U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command—Army Research Laboratory (ARL), is to execute the Army's extramural basic research program in the following scientific disciplines: chemical sciences, computing sciences, electronics, life sciences, materials science, mathematical sciences, mechanical sciences, network sciences, and physics.

The goal of this basic research is to drive scientific discoveries that will provide the Army with significant advances in operational capabilities through high-risk, high pay-off research opportunities, primarily with universities, but also with large and small businesses. ARO ensures that this research supports and drives the realization of future research relevant to all of the Army Functional Concepts, the ARL Core Technical Competencies, and the ARL Essential Research Programs. The results of these efforts are transitioned to the Army research and development community, industry, or academia for the pursuit of long-term technological advances for the Army.

This report summarizes the findings of the review of ARO's Information Sciences Directorate in 2018, the Physical Sciences Directorate in 2019,and the Engineering Sciences Directorate in 2020 conducted by the panels of the Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board.

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