TRB Special Report 298: Driving and the Built Environment: Effects of Compact Development on Motorized Travel, Energy Use, and CO2 Emissions examines the relationship between land development patterns and vehicle miles traveled (VMT) in the United States to assess whether petroleum use, and by extension greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, could be reduced by changes in the design of development patterns. The report estimates the contributions that changes in residential and mixed-use development patterns and transit investments could make in reducing VMT by 2030 and 2050, and the impact this could have in meeting future transportation-related GHG reduction goals.
Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2009. Driving and the Built Environment: The Effects of Compact Development on Motorized Travel, Energy Use, and CO2 Emissions -- Special Report 298. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/12747.
|2 Trends in Development Patterns
|3 Impacts of Land Use Patterns on Vehicle Miles Traveled: Evidence from the Literature
|4 Future Residential Development Patterns
|5 Potential Effects of More Compact Development Patterns on Vehicle Miles Traveled, Energy Use, and CO2 Emissions
|A Study on the Relationships Among Development Patterns, Vehicle Miles Traveled, and Energy Consumption
|B Commissioned Papers and Authors
|C Analysis of Density Assumptions and Feasibility of Committee Scenarios
|Study Committee Biographical Information
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