Declining American competitiveness in world economic markets has renewed interest in employment testing as a way of putting the right workers in the right jobs. A new study of the U.S. Department of Labor's General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB) Referral System sheds light on key questions for America's employers: How well does the GATB predict job success? Are there scientific justifications for adjusting minority test scores? Will increased use of the GATB result in substantial increases in productivity?
Fairness in Employment Testing evaluates both the validity generalization techniques used to justify the use of the GATB across the spectrum of U.S. jobs and the policy of adjusting test scores to promote equal opportunity.
National Research Council. 1989. Fairness in Employment Testing: Validity Generalization, Minority Issues, and the General Aptitude Test Battery. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/1338.
|1 The Policy Context||17-28|
|2 Issues in Equity and Law||29-51|
|3 The Public Employment Service||52-72|
|4 The GATB: Its Character and Psychometric Properties||73-98|
|5 Problematic Features of the GATB: Test Administration, Speedness, and Coachability||99-118|
|6 The Theory of Validity Generalization||119-133|
|7 Validity Generalization Applied to the GATB||134-148|
|8 GATB Validities||149-171|
|9 Differential Validity and Differential Prediction||172-190|
|10 The VG-GATB Program: Concept, Promotion, and Implementation||191-208|
|11 In Whose Interest: Potential Effects of the VG-GATB Referral System||209-234|
|12 Evaluation of Economic Claims||235-250|
|13 Recommendations for Referral and Score Reporting||251-280|
|14 Central Recommendations||281-290|
|Appendix A: A Synthesis of Research on Some Psychometric Properties of the GATB||303-324|
|Appendix B: Tables Summarizing GATB Reliabilities||325-328|
|Appendix C: Biographical Sketches, Committee Members and Staff||329-334|
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, pleaseclick here to view more information.