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Consensus Study Report


Over the last three decades, there have been fundamental shifts in the electricity system, including the growing adoption of clean distributed generation energy technologies such as rooftop solar. Net metering, which compensates customers for excess energy they contribute to the grid, has been instrumental in supporting the integration of these systems into the grid, but these policies may need to change to better address future needs.

The Role of Net Metering in the Evolving Electricity System explores the medium-to-long term impacts of net metering on the electricity grid and customers. This report evaluates how net metering guidelines should evolve to support a decarbonized, equitable, and resilient electricity system.



Public Briefing Video

Suggested Citation

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. The Role of Net Metering in the Evolving Electricity System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

254 pages |  7 x 10 | 

  • Paperback:  978-0-309-69331-8
  • Ebook:  978-0-309-69334-9

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Public Briefing Video

Video recording from the report release webinar where members of the committee discuss the key findings and recommendations from the report.

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