National Academies Press: OpenBook

Sustainable Airport Construction Practices (2011)

Chapter: Front Matter

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Sustainable Airport Construction Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22925.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Sustainable Airport Construction Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22925.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Sustainable Airport Construction Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22925.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Sustainable Airport Construction Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22925.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Sustainable Airport Construction Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22925.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Sustainable Airport Construction Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22925.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Sustainable Airport Construction Practices. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22925.
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TRANSPORTAT ION RESEARCH BOARD WASHINGTON, D.C. 2011 A I R P O R T C O O P E R A T I V E R E S E A R C H P R O G R A M ACRP REPORT 42 Research sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration Subscriber Categories Aviation Sustainable Airport Construction Practices RICONDO & ASSOCIATES, INC. Chicago, IL CENTER FOR TRANSPORTATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT Atlanta, GA ARDMORE ASSOCIATES, LLC Chicago, IL

AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM Airports are vital national resources. They serve a key role in trans- portation of people and goods and in regional, national, and inter- national commerce. They are where the nation’s aviation system connects with other modes of transportation and where federal respon- sibility for managing and regulating air traffic operations intersects with the role of state and local governments that own and operate most airports. Research is necessary to solve common operating problems, to adapt appropriate new technologies from other industries, and to introduce innovations into the airport industry. The Airport Coopera- tive Research Program (ACRP) serves as one of the principal means by which the airport industry can develop innovative near-term solutions to meet demands placed on it. The need for ACRP was identified in TRB Special Report 272: Airport Research Needs: Cooperative Solutions in 2003, based on a study spon- sored by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The ACRP carries out applied research on problems that are shared by airport operating agencies and are not being adequately addressed by existing federal research programs. It is modeled after the successful National Coopera- tive Highway Research Program and Transit Cooperative Research Pro- gram. The ACRP undertakes research and other technical activities in a variety of airport subject areas, including design, construction, mainte- nance, operations, safety, security, policy, planning, human resources, and administration. The ACRP provides a forum where airport opera- tors can cooperatively address common operational problems. The ACRP was authorized in December 2003 as part of the Vision 100-Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act. The primary partici- pants in the ACRP are (1) an independent governing board, the ACRP Oversight Committee (AOC), appointed by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation with representation from airport oper- ating agencies, other stakeholders, and relevant industry organizations such as the Airports Council International-North America (ACI-NA), the American Association of Airport Executives (AAAE), the National Association of State Aviation Officials (NASAO), and the Air Transport Association (ATA) as vital links to the airport community; (2) the TRB as program manager and secretariat for the governing board; and (3) the FAA as program sponsor. In October 2005, the FAA executed a contract with the National Academies formally initiating the program. The ACRP benefits from the cooperation and participation of airport professionals, air carriers, shippers, state and local government officials, equipment and service suppliers, other airport users, and research orga- nizations. Each of these participants has different interests and respon- sibilities, and each is an integral part of this cooperative research effort. Research problem statements for the ACRP are solicited periodically but may be submitted to the TRB by anyone at any time. It is the responsibility of the AOC to formulate the research program by iden- tifying the highest priority projects and defining funding levels and expected products. Once selected, each ACRP project is assigned to an expert panel, appointed by the TRB. Panels include experienced practitioners and research specialists; heavy emphasis is placed on including airport pro- fessionals, the intended users of the research products. The panels pre- pare project statements (requests for proposals), select contractors, and provide technical guidance and counsel throughout the life of the project. The process for developing research problem statements and selecting research agencies has been used by TRB in managing cooper- ative research programs since 1962. As in other TRB activities, ACRP project panels serve voluntarily without compensation. Primary emphasis is placed on disseminating ACRP results to the intended end-users of the research: airport operating agencies, service providers, and suppliers. The ACRP produces a series of research reports for use by airport operators, local agencies, the FAA, and other interested parties, and industry associations may arrange for work- shops, training aids, field visits, and other activities to ensure that results are implemented by airport-industry practitioners. ACRP REPORT 42 Project 08-01 ISSN 1935-9802 ISBN 978-0-309-15525-0 Library of Congress Control Number 2010941145 © 2011 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. COPYRIGHT INFORMATION Authors herein are responsible for the authenticity of their materials and for obtaining written permissions from publishers or persons who own the copyright to any previously published or copyrighted material used herein. Cooperative Research Programs (CRP) grants permission to reproduce material in this publication for classroom and not-for-profit purposes. Permission is given with the understanding that none of the material will be used to imply TRB or FAA endorsement of a particular product, method, or practice. It is expected that those reproducing the material in this document for educational and not-for-profit uses will give appropriate acknowledgment of the source of any reprinted or reproduced material. For other uses of the material, request permission from CRP. NOTICE The project that is the subject of this report was a part of the Airport Cooperative Research Program, conducted by the Transportation Research Board with the approval of the Governing Board of the National Research Council. The members of the technical panel selected to monitor this project and to review this report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. The report was reviewed by the technical panel and accepted for publication according to procedures established and overseen by the Transportation Research Board and approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council. The opinions and conclusions expressed or implied in this report are those of the researchers who performed the research and are not necessarily those of the Transportation Research Board, the National Research Council, or the program sponsors. The Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, the National Research Council, and the sponsors of the Airport Cooperative Research Program do not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade or manufacturers’ names appear herein solely because they are considered essential to the object of the report. Published reports of the AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM are available from: Transportation Research Board Business Office 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 and can be ordered through the Internet at Printed in the United States of America

CRP STAFF FOR ACRP REPORT 42 Christopher W. Jenks, Director, Cooperative Research Programs Crawford F. Jencks, Deputy Director, Cooperative Research Programs Michael R. Salamone, ACRP Manager Marci A. Greenberger, Senior Program Officer Tiana M. Barnes, Senior Program Assistant Eileen P. Delaney, Director of Publications Margaret B. Hagood, Editor ACRP PROJECT 08-01 PANEL Field of Construction Shawn M. Schroeder, Springfield-Branson National Airport, Springfield, MO (Chair) Janell Barrilleaux, Denver International Airport, Denver, CO Michael John Clow, City of Tallahassee/Tallahassee Regional Airport, Tallahassee, FL Kristin M. Lemaster, CDM, Cambridge, MA Peter Matson, Gilbane Co, Boston, MA Danny Perkins, ESC Polytech Consultants, Inc., Houston, TX Joshua E. Polston, Oakland International Airport, Port of Oakland, Oakland, CA M. Ashraf Jan, FAA Liaison Frank Lanzetta, FAA Liaison Jessica Steinhilber, Airports Council International–North America Liaison Christine Gerencher, TRB Liaison C O O P E R A T I V E R E S E A R C H P R O G R A M S

ACRP Report 42: Sustainable Airport Construction Practices is a collection of sustainable practices that can be implemented during the construction phase of an airport project. This collection includes best practices, methods, procedures, and materials and is provided in a searchable, filterable spreadsheet format provided in the attached CD-ROM. This collection focuses only on those practices that are implemented during construction that will have a sustainable impact by having either a positive economic, operational, environmental, or social effect. The collection is categorized by construction phases (Pre-Construction, Dur- ing Construction, and Commissioning) and by practices (Policies and Regulations, Con- struction Methods, Logistics, Equipment, Surface Transportation, Reuse and Recycling Materials, and Sustainable Materials), and can be filtered or searched by either construction phase or practice. The collection, supported by the Users Guide, will be useful for airport CEOs, directors, planners, environmental technicians, and airport engineers and designers during the initial planning, design, and construction phases of a given project. Sustainability and the practice of sustainable concepts continue to be a societal focus not only in this country but worldwide. Airports are no different as they strive to be fiscally, socially, and environmentally responsible as well as good neighbors. As a result, there are many definitions as to what exactly it means to be “sustainable” even amongst the various groups that seek to help organizations be proactive in this arena. Under ACRP Project 08-01, Ricondo & Associates, Inc. developed ACRP Report 42: Sustainable Airport Construction Practices by identifying sustainable practices, methods, and procedures that are currently being utilized or that have applicability during airport con- struction projects by conducting surveys, interviews and case studies. Although most of these practices are implemented within the actual construction phase, it may be necessary to discuss and identify some practices during the planning and design phase to take full advantage of the opportunities that are presented in the collection. This collection does not seek to provide a definitive definition of sustainability, but rather to discuss and outline practices within a narrow initiative of sustainability; those occurring during the phase of airport construction. The construction phase alone presents many opportunities to reduce environmental and social impacts, preserve natural resources, increase efficiency, and reduce costs. F O R E W O R D By Marci A. Greenberger Staff Officer Transportation Research Board

AUTHOR ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This project was conducted under ACRP Project 08-01 by the Ricondo & Associates (R&A) Team, which consisted of Ricondo & Associates, Inc., as prime contractor and two subcontractors: the Center for Transportation and the Environment, and Ardmore Associates, LLC. Mr. Eugene R. Peters, Director with Ricondo & Associates, Inc. (Chicago, Illinois), served as the Principal Investigator, and Mr. Stephen Clermont, Director with the Center for Transportation and the Environment (Atlanta, Georgia), served as the Associate Principal Investigator. The other authors and those providing research and technical sup- port included Mr. Stephen D. Culberson, Director with Ricondo & Associates, Inc.; Mr. Richard Unzel- man, Project Director with Ardmore Associates, LLC; Mr. Casey L. Venzon, Consultant with Ricondo & Associates, Inc.; Ms. Allison Kloiber, Consultant with Ricondo & Associates, Inc.; Ms. Lauren Justice, Proj- ect Manager with the Center for Transportation and the Environment; Mr. David Intorcia, Project Man- ager with Ardmore Associates, LLC; and Mr. Andrew Eastmond, Senior Consultant with Ricondo & Asso- ciates, Inc. The research team would like to express its gratitude to the members of the ACRP Project Panel for their input throughout this research project.The research team would also like to thank the following indi- viduals for participating in surveys and interviews for this project: Mr. Jerry Allen, Palm Beach County Airports; Mr. Stephen Barrett, Harris, Miller, Miller & Hanson; Ms. Janell Barrilleaux, Denver International Airport; Mr. Bill Bayne, Patten Industries; Ms. Robin Bowie, Maryland Aviation Administration; Mr. Mark Buncher, Asphalt Institute; Ms. Megan Caffall, Texas Department of Transportation, Aviation Division; Ms. Wendy Cheuk, State of Hawaii, Airports Division; Mr. Michael Clow, Tallahassee Regional Airport; Mr. Jeffrey Condray, Tulsa Airport Authority; Ms. Ann B. Crook, AAE, Elmira Corning Regional Airport; Ms. Christina Drouet, Federal Aviation Administra- tion; Mr. Jonathan C. Esslinger, P.E., Transportation & Development Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers; Mr. Thomas J. Freeman, P.E., Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University; Mr. Roy Fuhrmann, Metropolitan Airports Commission; Mr. Richard Gilb, San Diego County Regional Airport Authority; Mr. Derek R. Gray, Greater Toronto Airports Authority; Mr. David Hensley, City of Phoenix Aviation Department; Mr. Douglas Herman, Port of Oakland; Mr. Rusty Hodapp, Dallas-Ft. Worth International Airport Board; Mr. Guy Ichinotsubo, State of Hawaii, Airports Division; Mr. Bijan Jamalabad, Texas Department of Transportation, Aviation Division; Mr. Paul Kennedy, Columbus Regional Airport Authority; Mr. Frank Kulka, The Louis Berger Group; Mr. Martin (Marty) Lenss, Out- agamie County Regional Airport; Mr. Al Lyons, Arup; Mr. Thomas McEvoy, High Concrete Group; Dr. John Mogge, CH2M Hill; Mr. Eric Nelson, County of San Diego; Ms. Jayne O’Donnell, Turner Construc- tion Company; Ms. Kate O’Malley, City of Phoenix Aviation Department; Mr. Sam Mehta, San Francisco International Airport; Ms. Patricia Nelis, Salt Lake City Department of Airport; Ms. Cynthia Parker, City of Phoenix Aviation Department; Mr. Steven S. Peacock, Dallas Aviation Department; Ms. Annie R. Pearce, Virginia Tech University; Mr. Keith Peterson, Pacific Northwest Laboratory; Mr. Dennis Probst, Metropolitan Airports Commission; Mr. David R. Riley, Pennsylvania State University, Lean & Green Research Initiative; Mr. Randall Riley, American Concrete Pavers Association, Illinois Chapter; Mr. Simon Robinson, Vancouver Airport Authority; Mr. Steven Rybolt, Port of Seattle, Seattle-Tacoma Inter- national Airport; Mr. Michael Sanio, American Society of Civil Engineers; Mr. Terrence Schaddel, Illinois Department of Transportation, Division of Aeronautics; Mr. Paul L. Shank, P.E., C.M., Maryland Avia- tion Administration; Mr. Ahmed Shihadeh, Rhode Island Airport Corporation; Mr. Verne Skagerberg, Alaska Department of Transportation & Public Facilities; Mr. Thomas Somers, Denver International Air- port; Mr. Michael Steffens, Denver International Airport; Mr. Terry Thompson, Calgary Airport Author- ity; Mr. David Tomber, AIA, Port of Seattle, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport; Ms. Iris D. Tom- melein, University of California, Berkeley; Mr. Jeffrey Warkoski, Reynolds, Smith & Hills, Inc.; Ms. Ashley Wilhelm, Green Building Services. In addition, Ms. Leslie L. Riegle, Director, Regulatory Affairs, with the American Association of Air- port Executives (AAAE) forwarded the online survey to AAAE’s environmental contact list, for which the research team is very grateful.

1 Chapter 1 Introduction 2 Chapter 2 Key Concepts 2 2.1 Sustainability 3 2.2 Construction 3 2.3 Sustainable Construction Practices 5 Chapter 3 Data Collection 5 3.1 Literature Review 5 3.2 Surveys 6 3.3 Interviews 7 Chapter 4 Organization of the Collection 7 4.1 Construction Practice Categories 7 4.2 Construction Implementation Stage Categories 8 4.3 Additional Filterable Criteria 11 4.4 Additional Nonfilterable Information 12 Chapter 5 How to Use the Collection 12 5.1 General Process to Follow When Using the Collection 13 5.2 How to Use Hard Copy of the Collection 13 5.3 How to Use Excel Spreadsheet Version of the Collection 16 5.4 Standard Browsing Within the Excel Spreadsheet Version 18 Chapter 6 Case Studies 18 6.1 Case Study: Warm-Mix Asphalt 19 6.2 Case Study: Pavement Management 19 6.3 Case Study: Material Reuse 20 6.4 Case Study: Anti-Idling Campaign 20 6.5 Case Study: LEED Awareness 20 6.6 Case Study: Materials Management Program 21 6.7 Case Study: Pavement Resurfacing 21 6.8 Case Study: Use of Solar Cells 22 References A-1 Appendix A Collection Sorted by Construction Practice Categories B-1 Appendix B Collection Sorted by Construction Implementation Stage Categories C O N T E N T S Note: Many of the photographs, figures, and tables in this report have been converted from color to grayscale for printing. The electronic version of the report (posted on the Web at retains the color versions.

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TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 42: Sustainable Airport Construction Practices explores a set of best practices, methods, procedures, and materials that if implemented during construction may have a sustainable, positive economic, operational, environmental, or social effect.

The report includes the collection of sustainable airport construction practices in a searchable, filterable spreadsheet format on a CD-ROM, which is packaged with the report.

The CD-ROM included as part of ACRP Report 42 is also available for download from TRB’s website as an ISO image. Links to the ISO image and instructions for burning a CD-ROM from an ISO image are provided below.

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CD-ROM Disclaimer - This software is offered as is, without warranty or promise of support of any kind either expressed or implied. Under no circumstance will the National Academy of Sciences or the Transportation Research Board (collectively “TRB’) be liable for any loss or damage caused by the installation or operations of this product. TRB makes no representation or warrant of any kind, expressed or implied, in fact or in law, including without limitation, the warranty of merchantability or the warranty of fitness for a particular purpose, and shall not in any case be liable for any consequential or special damages.


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