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8Importance of Strategic Goals Transportation agencies will want to consider how the effects of AV and CV technologies can contribute to broad agency goals. Given the growing public and media interest in AVs and CVs, decision makers can leverage this interest toward prudent support of testing and deployment by aligning policy actions with agen- cy goalsâgoals that represent societal interests. This is particularly important where investment of public resources is at stake. Associated strategic planning activities undertaken at a high level may include: â¢ Identification of transportation and societal goals and objectives that may be achieved through AV and CV technologies. â¢ Development of performance measures that support specific safety, congestion, mobility, and environmental goals that may be supported by AV and CV systems and can be used to track the results of testing and investment in these systems over time. â¢ Setting the general parameters under which CV and AV deployment can be facilitated to achieve agency and societal goals. â¢ Contributions toward building the business case for investing in CVs, generating support for adoption of safety and mobility applications, and promoting incentives for producers to improve applications and technology. High-Level Summaries of Policy and Planning Strategies To facilitate the alignment of transportation agency goals with AV and CV tech- nologies, a menu of strategies is provided for policy makers to consider. Each strategy is presented in a one-page overview. The purpose of each overview is to offer a snapshot of a policy or planning strategy and an assessment of its utility, which allows decision makers to match outcomes with high-level strategic goals. An in-depth review of key strategies can follow using the detail provided in the accompanying report, NCHRP Research Report 845: Advancing Automated and Connected Vehicles: Policy and Planning Strategies for State and Local Transportation Agencies. Eighteen different policy and planning strategiesâorganized by desired outcomeâare provided for policy makers to consider, beginning on page 12. Given the growing public and media interest in AVs and CVs, decision makers can leverage this interest toward prudent support of testing and deployment by aligning policy actions with agency goalsâgoals that represent societal interests. jamesteohart/Shutterstock.com
9OUTCOME: To mitigate safety risks through testing, training, and public education: â¢ Enact legislation to legalize AV testing â¢ Enact legislation to stimulate CV or AV testing â¢ Modify driver training standards and curricula â¢ Increase public awareness of benefits and risks OUTCOME: To encourage shared AV use: â¢ Subsidize shared AV use â¢ Implement transit benefits for SAVs â¢ Implement a parking cash-out strategy â¢ Implement location-efficient mortgages â¢ Implement land use policies and parking requirements â¢ Apply road use pricing OUTCOME: To address liability issues that may impact market development: â¢ Implement a no-fault insurance approach â¢ Require motorists to carry more insurance OUTCOME: To enhance safety, congestion, and air quality benefits by influ- encing market demand: â¢ Subsidize CVs â¢ Invest in CV infrastructure â¢ Grant AVs and CVs priority access to dedicated lanes â¢ Grant signal priority to CVs â¢ Grant parking access to AVs and CVs â¢ Implement new contractual mechanisms with private-sector providers Each overview offers a general assessment of strategy viability by a range of criteria: â¢ Effectiveness: If the strategy is economic, how well does it internalize external costs into decision making by producers and consumers? If the strategy is not economic, how likely is it to achieve its desired policy outcome? â¢ Efficiency: If the strategy is economic, how well does it recover the costs from the externality? How likely is the strategy to produce a net-positive social benefit outcome? â¢ Political Acceptability: How likely is the general public to accept this strategy? Are any politically powerful stakeholders likely to oppose the strategy? How likely is the strategy to increase costs, place burdens on low- income or socially disadvantaged groups, or result in social inequity? â¢ Operational Feasibility: How disruptive is implementation to the implementing agency? Are new or complex governing structures required? Is it expensive to implement? Are new workforce skills or infrastructure adaptation required? â¢ Geographic Impact: At what geographic scale does this strategy make the most sense? â¢ Who: What level of government would implement this strategy? â¢ Hurdles: Are there any notable barriers to implementation?