National Academies Press: OpenBook

Airfield Apron and Ramp Surface Markings (2023)

Chapter: Appendix D - Marking Matrix from Literature Review

« Previous: Appendix C - Airfield Apron/Ramp Marking Comparisons
Page 141
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - Marking Matrix from Literature Review." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Airfield Apron and Ramp Surface Markings. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26913.
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Page 141
Page 142
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - Marking Matrix from Literature Review." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Airfield Apron and Ramp Surface Markings. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26913.
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Page 142
Page 143
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - Marking Matrix from Literature Review." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Airfield Apron and Ramp Surface Markings. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26913.
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Page 143
Page 144
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - Marking Matrix from Literature Review." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Airfield Apron and Ramp Surface Markings. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26913.
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Page 144

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141   A P P E N D I X D Marking Matrix from Literature Review This appendix provides a matrix showing the various apron markings identified in each of the publications in the literature review. As noted throughout this synthesis, there are inconsistencies in the terminology used for apron markings across the various literary sources. The terminology used in domestic publications was used to classify markings to the extent possible. The terminology used in the matrix does not exactly fit the terminology used in all publications. Not all of the markings are similar in layout, coloration, or exact purpose from one publication to the next.

Note: FAA Engineering Brief (EB) 105 was in draft form at the time of this writing. Additionally, the FAA AIM that was reviewed was published on May 19, 2022. ADM = Aerodrome Design Manual, WG = Workgroup Ta xil an e Ce nt er lin e Al te rn at e Ta xi la ne C en te rli ne M ar ki ng s Ta xi la ne E dg e M ar ki ng s Pa ve d Sh ou ld er M ar ki ng s Ge og ra ph ic Po siti on M ar ki ng s Ap ro n Co nt ro l M ar ki ng s Ga te D es ig na tio n Si gn s Ap ro n En tr an ce P oi nt S ig n N on -M ov em en t B ou nd ar y M ar ki ng M ax W in gs pa n/ N o Tu rn M ar ki ng N o En tr y M ar ki ng St an d In fo rm ati on M ar ki ng St an d Lo ca tio n M ar ki ng Di re cti on to P ar ki ng S ta nd St an d Id en tifi er M ar ki ng Ho ld in g Po in t I nt er m ed ia ry Pe de st ria n Pa th w ay s N o Pa rk in g Ar ea s Eq ui pm en t P ar ki ng A re as Pa ss en ge r B oa rd in g Br id ge P ar ki ng A re a Ga te N um be r I de nti fie r Le ad -In Li ne Al te rn at e Le ad -In Li ne St op B ar Ai rc ra ft Sa fe ty Z on e St an d- By A re as R es tr ict ed fo r A /C M ov em en t Eq ui pm en t R es tr ai nt Li ne s En gi ne In ta ke Z on e N o Dr iv e Zo ne Fu el H yd ra nt En gi ne S ta rt up P os iti on s Fu el in g Re st ric tio n Lin es M ar sh al le r a nd T ow in g St op Li ne Po w er O ut , T ur n Ba r, an d Al ig nm en t L in e O ne W ay A rr ow Tr ac to r P us hb ac k Lin e an d Pu sh ba ck Lim it Lin e Re fe re nc e Ba r Ve hi cle R oa dw ay M ar ki ng s Ve hi cle Li m it Lin e St an d Id en tifi ca tio n on S er vi ce R oa d Ta xi w ay a nd T ax ila ne C ro ss in g Bo un da ry o f R es po ns ib ilit y Lin e Ve hi cle S af et y Zo ne De ici ng P ad Id en tifi ca tio n Su rf ac e M ar ki ng He lip or t M ar ki ng s Ve rti po rt M ar ki ng s VO R Re ce iv er C he ck po in t M ar ki ng Ai rc ra ft Ti e- Do w n Fu el in g M ar ki ng s A4A Safety Guidelines (SG) 908, Recommended Apron Mark ings and Identification X X X X X X X X X X X ACRP Report 96, Airport Planning and Design Guidebook X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X ACRP Research Report 113, Guidebook on General Aviation Facility Planning X FAA AC 150/5300-14D, Design of Aircraft Deicing Facilities X X X FAA AC 150/5340-1M, Standards for Airport Mark ings X X X X X X X X X X FAA AC 150/5390-2C, Heliport Design X FAA Draft Engineering Brief (EB) 105: Vertiport Design X FAA Aeronautical Information Manual (current edition) X X X X X X X X ACI World, Apron Mark ings and Signs Handbook (3rd Edition) X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X ACI World, Apron Safety Handbook (1st Edition) X X X X X Civil Aviation Authority, CAP 637 Visual Aids Handbook X X X ICAO Annex 14, Volume I and II – Aerodrome Design and Operations (8th Edition) X X X X X X ICAO Doc 9157 ADM, Part 2 – Taxiways, Aprons and Holding Bays (5th Edition) X ICAO Doc 9157 ADM, Part 4 – Visual Aids (5th Edition) X X X X X X X X UAF&FA (Infrastructure WG) – Apron Mark ings and Signage X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Heliport/ Vertiport Other Publications Do m es tic P ub lic ati on s In te rn ati on al a nd N on -U S Pu bl ic ati on s Common Taxilane/Apron Areas Aircraft Parking (Hardstand/Gate) Vehicle Roadway Deicing

Abbreviations and acronyms used without de nitions in TRB publications: A4A Airlines for America AAAE American Association of Airport Executives AASHO American Association of State Highway Officials AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ACI–NA Airports Council International–North America ACRP Airport Cooperative Research Program ADA Americans with Disabilities Act APTA American Public Transportation Association ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials ATA American Trucking Associations CTAA Community Transportation Association of America CTBSSP Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program DHS Department of Homeland Security DOE Department of Energy EPA Environmental Protection Agency FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAST Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (2015) FHWA Federal Highway Administration FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration FRA Federal Railroad Administration FTA Federal Transit Administration GHSA Governors Highway Safety Association HMCRP Hazardous Materials Cooperative Research Program IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 ITE Institute of Transportation Engineers MAP-21 Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (2012) NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAO National Association of State Aviation Officials NCFRP National Cooperative Freight Research Program NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NTSB National Transportation Safety Board PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration RITA Research and Innovative Technology Administration SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SAFETEA-LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (2005) TCRP Transit Cooperative Research Program TEA-21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (1998) TRB Transportation Research Board TSA Transportation Security Administration U.S. DOT United States Department of Transportation

Transportation Research Board 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 ADDRESS SERVICE REQUESTED ISBN 978-0-309-69829-0 9 7 8 0 3 0 9 6 9 8 2 9 0 9 0 0 0 0

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In the absence of comprehensive guidelines related to standards for surface apron and ramp markings, airports have worked with their specific stakeholder groups (such as airlines and ground crews) to develop unique apron and ramp marking practices that meet their operational needs. Consequently, variations are seen in apron and ramp markings at airports across the United States.

The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's ACRP Synthesis 122: Airfield Apron and Ramp Surface Markings documents airport apron and ramp marking variations at U.S. airports.

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