In the United States, we have come to depend on plentiful and inexpensive energy to support our economy and lifestyles. In recent years, many questions have been raised regarding the sustainability of our current pattern of high consumption of nonrenewable energy and its environmental consequences. Further, because the United States imports about 55 percent of the nation's consumption of crude oil, there are additional concerns about the security of supply. Hence, efforts are being made to find alternatives to our current pathway, including greater energy efficiency and use of energy sources that could lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions such as nuclear and renewable sources, including solar, wind, geothermal, and biofuels. The United States has a long history with biofuels and the nation is on a course charted to achieve a substantial increase in biofuels.
Renewable Fuel Standard evaluates the economic and environmental consequences of increasing biofuels production as a result of Renewable Fuels Standard, as amended by EISA (RFS2). The report describes biofuels produced in 2010 and those projected to be produced and consumed by 2022, reviews model projections and other estimates of the relative impact on the prices of land, and discusses the potential environmental harm and benefits of biofuels production and the barriers to achieving the RFS2 consumption mandate.
Policy makers, investors, leaders in the transportation sector, and others with concerns for the environment, economy, and energy security can rely on the recommendations provided in this report.
National Research Council. 2011. Renewable Fuel Standard: Potential Economic and Environmental Effects of U.S. Biofuel Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/13105.
|2 Biofuel Supply Chain
|3 Projected Supply of Cellulosic Biomass
|4 The Economics and Economic Effects of Biofuel Production
|5 Environmental Effects and Tradeoffs of Biofuels
|6 Barriers to Achieving RFS2
|Appendix A: Statement of Task
|Appendix B: Biographical Sketches
|Appendix C: Presentations to the Committee
|Appendix D: Glossary
|Appendix E: Select Acronyms and Abbreviations
|Appendix F: Conversion Factors
|Appendix G: Petroleum-Based Fuel Economics
|Appendix H: Ethanol Biorefineries in Operation or Under Construction in the United States in 2010
|Appendix I: Biodiesel Refineries in the United States in 2010
|Appendix J: Economic Models Used to Assess the Effects of Biofuel Production in the United States
|Appendix K: BioBreak Model: Assumptions for Willingness to Accept
|Appendix L: BioBreak Model Assumptions
|Appendix M: Summary of Literature Estimates
|Appendix N: Blend Wall
|Appendix O: Safety and Quality of Biofuel Coproducts as Animal Feed
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Marketplace service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Marketplace, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Marketplace allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Marketplace you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the NAP through Marketplace:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Marketplace service, please contact:
US Toll Free +1.855.239.3415
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at email@example.com.