National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26380.
×
PageR1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26380.
×
PageR2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26380.
×
PageR3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26380.
×
PageR4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26380.
×
PageR5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26380.
×
PageR6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26380.
×
PageR7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26380.
×
PageR8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26380.
×
PageR9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26380.
×
PageR10

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Prepublication Copy – Subject to Further Editorial Correction LEVERAGING COMMERCIAL SPACE FOR EARTH AND OCEAN REMOTE SENSING Committee for the Assessment of Partnership Options for a Small Satellite System for Collecting Scientific Quality Oceanic and Coastal Data Intelligence Community Studies Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences A Consensus Study Report of PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 This activity was supported by Contract No. N00014-17-DF-4001/N00014-21-F 7001 with the Office of Naval Research. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309- International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309- Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26380 Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2022 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/26380. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

COMMITTEE FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF PARTNERSHIP OPTIONS FOR A SMALL SATELLITE SYSTEM FOR COLLECTING SCIENTIFIC QUALITY OCEANIC AND COASTAL DATA STEVEN BATTEL, NAE,1 Battel Engineering, Inc., Chair ANNY CAZENAVE, NAS,2 Laboratoire d’Etudes en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiales JONATHAN M. DYER, Muon Space, Inc. CHRISTINE FOX, Johns Hopkins University  DAVID KOPLOW, Georgetown University CHARLES NORTON, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology PATRIC PATTERSON, Space Dynamics Laboratory JOSEPH ROTHENBERG, Independent Consultant CHRISTOPHER RUF, University of Michigan STEVEN SCHOONER, George Washington University CATHERINE VENTURINI, The Aerospace Corporation DAVID VOSS, Space Force BRUCE YOST, NASA Ames Research Center Staff JOSEPH CZIKA, Senior Program Officer NATHANIEL DEBEVOISE, Research Associate LIZA HAMILTON, Program Officer MARGUERITE SCHNEIDER, Administrative Coordinator ALAN SHAW, Director 1 Member, National Academy of Engineering. 2 Member, National Academy of Sciences. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION v

INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY STUDIES BOARD FREDERICK R. CHANG, NAE,1 Southern Methodist University, Co-Chair ROBERT C. DYNES, NAS,2 University of California (President Emeritus), Co-Chair JOEL BRENNER, Massachusetts Institute of Technology ROBERT CARDILLO, The Cardillo Group, LLC TOMÁS DÍAZ DE LA RUBIA, University of Oklahoma ROBERT A. FEIN, Harvard Medical School MIRIAM E. JOHN, Independent Consultant ANITA K. JONES, NAE, University of Virginia (Professor Emerita) STEVEN E. KOONIN, NAS, Center for Urban Science and Progress ROBERT H. LATIFF (USAF, RET.), R. Latiff Associates MARK M. LOWENTHAL, Intelligence & Security Academy, LLC MICHAEL A. MARLETTA, NAS/NAM, University of California, Berkeley L. ROGER MASON, JR., Peraton CARMEN L. MIDDLETON, The Walt Disney Company WILLIAM C. OSTENDORFF, United States Naval Academy DAVID A. RELMAN, NAM,3 Stanford University ELIZABETH RINDSKOPF PARKER, State Bar of California (Retired) SAMUEL S. VISNER, National Cybersecurity Federally Funded Research and Development Center (MITRE) DAVID A. WHELAN, NAE, Cubic Staff DIONNA ALI, Associate Program Officer JOSEPH CZIKA, Senior Program Officer MELVIN EULAU, Senior Program Officer MICHAEL ANTHONY FAINBERG, Senior Program Officer CARYN A. LESLIE, Associate Director LIZA HAMILTON, Program Officer, NIA JOHNSON. Program Officer, CHRIS JONES, Financial Manager, ALAN H. SHAW, Director 1 Member, National Academy of Engineering. 2 Member, National Academy of Sciences. 3 Member, National Academy of Medicine. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION vi

Acknowledgment of Reviewers This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Stephen A. Fuselier, NAS Sarah T. Gille Peter L. Hays Benjamin Poole David D. Spencer Karen St. Germain Leonard Strachan, Jr. Florence Tan David A. Whelan, NAE Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Richard Crout, who is Supervisory Oceanographer and Head of the Ocean Sciences Branch at the Naval Research Laboratory, and Soroosh Sorooshian, NAE, who is the Director of the Center for Hydrometeorology and Remote Sensing at the University of California, Irvine. They were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION vii

Contents SUMMARY S-1 1 INTRODUCTION 1-1 2 CURRENT AND FUTURE COMMERICAL LANDSCAPE 2-1 3 HYBRID SPACE ARCHITECTURE AND THE PATHWAY TO A NATIONAL SPACE ECOSYSTEM 3-1 4 SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS 4-1 5 BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES OF NEW BUSINESS MODELS 5-1 6 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 6-1 APPENDIXES A Addressing the NOPP Challenge of Conducting a Technology Demonstration A-1 B Acronyms B-1 PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION ix

Next: Summary »
Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $44.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Within the past decade an ever-growing number of New Space organizations have emerged that are unencumbered by legacy practices and constraints. By reimagining, creating, and continuously improving SmallSat space technology a new and growing space ecosystem is now in place that is capable of serving a broad stakeholder community of both traditional users and new or nontraditional users.

Current commercial practices are expanding with capabilities including technology and business-driven applications that open the door to a broad and vibrant ecosystem offering a wide range of solutions capable of supporting a growing range of stakeholders. In parallel to traditional approaches, space infrastructure related to manufacturing, such as customized spacecraft buses, instruments, and sensors—including high-resolution imaging and radar systems rivaling the performance of traditional systems—are emerging in both growing volume and with constantly improving capability. On the operational commercial ground stations are now routinely available, as are data management and analytics including cloud computing for data access and archiving. Thus, if properly encouraged and nourished, a broadly capable ecosystem can emerge including new business opportunities for data fusion, analysis, and databuys, as well as ground/space communications that can equally benefit both traditional and nontraditional user communities.

Leveraging Commercial Space for Earth and Ocean Remote Sensing assesses the feasibility and implications of creating and exploiting partnerships for developing, deploying, and operating a system of satellites and supporting infrastructure capable of sensing ocean, coastal, atmospheric, and hydrologic data of sufficient scientific quality to enable prediction models and to support near real time applications of national interest. This report identifies and describes promising options for such a system.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!