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F Disclosure of Unavoidable Conflict of Interest The conflict-of-interest policy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (https://www.nationalacademies.org/about/insti- tutional-policies-and-procedures/conflict-of-interest-policies-and-procedures) prohibits the appointment of an individual to a committee like the one that authored this Consensus Study Report if the individual has a conflict of interest that is relevant to the task to be performed. An exception to this prohibition is permitted only if the National Academies determine that the conflict is unavoidable and the conflict is promptly and publicly disclosed. When the committee that authored this report was established, a de- termination of whether there was a conflict of interest was made for each committee member given the individualâs circumstances and the task being undertaken by the committee. A determination that an individual has a conflict of interest is not an assessment of that individualâs actual behavior or character or ability to act objectively despite the conflicting interest. Dr. Rick Kittles was determined to have a conflict of interest because of his financial interests in African Ancestry, Inc., a provider of at-home genetic ancestry tests for people of African descent, which could be one way to identify people for genomic research applications. The National Academies determined that the experience and expertise of the individual was needed for the committee to accomplish the task for which it was established. The National Academies could not find another available individual with the equivalent experience and expertise who did not have a conflict of interest. Therefore, the National Academies concluded that the conflict was unavoid- able and publicly disclosed it on its website (www.nationalacademies.org). 215 PREPUBLICATION COPYâUncorrected Proofs
PREPUBLICATION COPYâUncorrected Proofs