Biological physics, or the physics of living systems, has emerged fully as a field of physics, alongside more traditional fields of astrophysics and cosmology, atomic, molecular and optical physics, condensed matter physics, nuclear physics, particle physics, and plasma physics. This new field brings the physicist's style of inquiry to bear on the beautiful phenomena of life. The enormous range of phenomena encountered in living systems - phenomena that often have no analog or precedent in the inanimate world - means that the intellectual agenda of biological physics is exceptionally broad, even by the ambitious standards of physics.
Physics of Life is the first decadal survey of this field, as part of a broader decadal survey of physics. This report communicates the importance of biological physics research; addresses what must be done to realize the promise of this new field; and provides guidance for informed decisions about funding, workforce, and research directions.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Physics of Life. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26403.
|Introduction and Overview||5-44|
|PART I: EXPLORING BIG QUESTIONS||45-46|
|1 What Physics Problems Do Organisms Need to Solve?||47-87|
|2 How Do Living Systems Represent and Process Information?||88-118|
|3 How Do Macroscopic Functions of Life Emerge from Interactions Among Many Microscopic Constituents?||119-157|
|4 How Do Living Systems Navigate Parameter Space?||158-180|
|PART II: CONNECTIONS||181-181|
|5 Relation to Other Fields of Physics||182-195|
|6 Biology and Chemistry||196-218|
|7 Health, Medicine, and Technology||219-242|
|PART III: REALIZING THE PROMISE||243-243|
|9 Funding, Collaboration, and Coordination||271-303|
|10 Building an Inclusive Community||304-316|
|Appendix A: Statement of Task||319-320|
|Appendix B: Recommendations||321-324|
|Appendix C: Queries to Funding Agencies||325-329|
|Appendix D: Agency Missions||330-331|
|Appendix E: Details Regarding National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Health Grants||332-337|
|Appendix F: Minimal Support Levels||338-343|
|Appendix G: Committee Biographies||344-352|
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