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Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation (2004)

Chapter: Appendix L The Threats to Russia (View of the Ministry for Emergency Situations)

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix L The Threats to Russia (View of the Ministry for Emergency Situations)." National Research Council. 2004. Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10888.
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Page 137
Suggested Citation:"Appendix L The Threats to Russia (View of the Ministry for Emergency Situations)." National Research Council. 2004. Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10888.
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Page 138

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Appendix L The Threats to Russia (View of the Ministry for Emergency Situations) 1. Corruption and incompetence of the governing structure 2. Increase in the hegemony of the United States 3. Increase in crime and the criminal economy 4. Lowering of the standard of living and antagonisms within the social structure 5. Decline in the production and investment potential 6. Decline in the scientific-technical and innovation potential 7. Increase in the military and technical strength of China 8. Decline in the defense and fighting capability of the military forces 9. Sharpening of the internal conflicts among nationalities and reli- gious groups 10. Deepening of the energy crisis 11. Increase in the openness of the national economy beyond appro- priate limits 12. Growth in the military threat from the United States and NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) 13. Sharpening and deepening of regional and local armed conflicts 14. Increasing damage from dangerous national and catastrophic events and processes 15. Increasing damage from industrial accidents, environmental pol- lution, and depletion of natural resources. Source: Kommersant (2003). 137

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This report is intended to provide a brief historical perspective of the evolution of the interacademy program during the past half-century, recognizing that many legacies of the Soviet era continue to influence government approaches in Moscow and Washington and to shape the attitudes of researchers toward bilateral cooperation in both countries (of special interest is the changing character of the program during the age of perestroika (restructuring) in the late 1980s in the Soviet Union); to describe in some detail the significant interacademy activities from late 1991, when the Soviet Union fragmented, to mid-2003; and to set forth lessons learned about the benefits and limitations of interacademy cooperation and to highlight approaches that have been successful in overcoming difficulties of implementation.

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