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A Research Strategy for Ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal and Sequestration (2022)

Chapter:Appendix A: Committee Biographies

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. A Research Strategy for Ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal and Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26278.
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Appendix A

Committee Biographies

Scott Doney, Chair, is the inaugural Joe D. and Helen J. Kington Professor in Environmental Change at the University of Virginia. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the National Center for Atmospheric Research from 1991 to 1993, and he served as a scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research from 1993 to 2002 and then the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution from 2002 to 2017 before moving to the University of Virginia. Dr. Doney’s expertise spans oceanography, climate, and biogeochemistry, with particular emphasis on the application of numerical models and data analysis to global-scale questions. His research focuses on how the global carbon cycle and ocean ecology respond to natural and human-driven climate change and ocean acidification. His previous experience with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine includes membership on a number of committees in association with the Space Studies Board, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, and Ocean Studies Board. He has also served as an external reviewer for several National Academies reports. Dr. Doney graduated with a B.A. in chemistry from the University of California, San Diego in 1986 and a Ph.D. in chemical oceanography from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Oceanography in 1991.

Holly Buck is an assistant professor of Environment and Sustainability at the University at Buffalo. She is an interdisciplinary social scientist who works across rural sociology, human geography, and science and technology studies to understand the social and environmental dimensions of emerging technologies. Her Ph.D. in development sociology from Cornell University in 2017 focused on public engagement with emerging environmental technologies, with chapters on carbon removal, solar geoengineering, and emerging “blue revolution” marine technologies. Dr. Buck’s recent and current research involves the social dimensions of technologies to remove carbon from the atmosphere. Specific to marine carbon removal, she has authored a book chapter on an ocean fertilization event off the coast of Haida Gwaii, based on stakeholder interviews she conducted in Haida Gwaii and Vancouver in 2013. Her book After Geoengineering (2019) also discusses marine bioenergy with carbon capture and storage and draws on interviews with people working in the field. She also has

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. A Research Strategy for Ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal and Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26278.
×

experience with public engagement on solar climate intervention strategies, and presented some of this research to a National Academies committee on solar climate intervention at a meeting at Stanford in 2019, as part of that committee’s information gathering process. Dr. Buck’s work relating to climate intervention more broadly has focused on themes such as the governance of stopgap measures (Nature Sustainability), public engagement in research (Geoforum), and possible harms to ocean life (chapter in edited volume Blue Legalities: The Life and Laws of the Sea).

Ken Buesseler is a marine radiochemist and member of the Ocean Twilight Zone Project at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. He is best known for work using natural and manmade isotopes in the ocean to study processes such as the movement of carbon and iron from the surface to deep ocean, as well as studies of the fate and transport of radioactive contaminants in the ocean. Dr. Buesseler participated in two ocean iron fertilization (OIF) experiments, leading one of three research vessels during the last major U.S. OIF experiment off Antarctica. In 2009 he was elected a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union; in 2013 selected as foreign member of the Dutch Academy of Sciences; and in 2018 elected as a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is author of more than 175 research publications with 10 papers focused on OIF. In 2011 he was noted as the top-cited ocean scientist by the Times Higher Education for the decade 2000-2010. Dr. Buesseler received his Ph.D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute in 1986.

M. Debora Iglesias-Rodriguez is professor of biological oceanography and vice-chair of the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Dr. Iglesias-Rodriguez has worked for 20 years on diversity and function in marine phytoplankton, combining molecular approaches, carbon physiology, and biogeochemistry in the lab and in the field. She has broad interest in mechanisms controlling diversity and function in marine biota and the effect of ocean acidification (OA) on marine plankton. She has contributed to several white papers on OA, was a speaker at the 2011 IPCC workshop on OA, and one of her papers (Science 320:336-340) was identified by Thomson Reuters as “fast breaking paper” and at the top 0.01 most cited papers in Geoscience in 2008. Dr. Iglesias-Rodriguez has a B.Sc. in biology and biochemistry (University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain) and a Ph.D. (1996) on carbon utilization in phytoplankton (Swansea University, UK).

Kathryn Moran joined the University of Victoria in September 2011 as a professor in the Faculty of Sciences and as director of NEPTUNE Canada. In 2012, she was promoted to the position of president and CEO, Ocean Networks Canada. Since then, she has led and grown the organization following the vision of enhancing life on Earth by providing knowledge and leadership that deliver solutions to science, society, and industry. Dr. Moran’s interests include topics related to the Arctic, ocean drilling, ocean observing, and climate change including ocean carbon sequestration methods and offshore renewable energy. She previously served on three National Academies committees: the Committee on Emerging Research Questions in the Arctic; the Gulf Research Program Advisory Board; and the Standing Committee on Understanding Gulf Ocean Systems. Dr. Moran holds degrees in marine science and engineering from the University of Pittsburgh, the University of Rhode Island, and Dalhousie University.

Andreas Oschlies is of Marine Biogeochemical Modelling at GEOMAR and the University of Kiel, Germany. His research interests include the global carbon, nitrogen and oxygen cycles, their sensitivities to environmental change, and the development and quality assessment of numerical models appropriate to investigate these. He was head of the Collaborative Research Centre “Climate-Biogeochemistry Interactions in the Tropical Ocean” (SFB754) running from 2008 to 2019,

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. A Research Strategy for Ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal and Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26278.
×

is a founding member of the Global Ocean Oxygen Network (GO2NE), member of the GESAMP Working Group 41 on Marine Geoengineering, and currently leads the Priority Program on Climate Engineering: Risks, Challenges, Opportunities? (SPP1689) funded by the German Research Foundation. He has contributed to a number of assessment reports, such as Large-Scale Intentional Interventions into the Climate System? Assessing the Climate Engineering Debate for the German Ministry of Education and Research (2011), The European Transdisciplinary Assessment of Climate Engineering (EuTRACE) for the European Commission (2015), the GESAMP High Level Review of a Wide Range of Proposed Marine Geoengineering Techniques (2019), and the IPCC Special Report on the Oceans and the Cryosphere (2019). Dr. Oschlies studied theoretical physics at Heidelberg and Cambridge (P. Phil. 1990) and received his Ph.D. in Oceanography from the University of Kiel (1994).

Phil Renforth is an associate professor for the School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Institute of Mechanical, Process and Energy Engineering at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK. He is an engineer and geochemist interested in understanding how reacting carbon dioxide with rocks and minerals may be able to help prevent climate change. His research expertise and interests include enhanced weathering, negative emission technologies, and alkaline waste, and he is also interested in understanding geochemical carbon sequestration in the ocean by increasing ocean alkalinity. Dr. Renforth serves on the Scientific Committee for the international conference on negative CO2 emissions, the Geological Society’s Engineering Geology Committee, Scientific Council for the UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre, and on several editorial boards. He presented to the National Academies Committee on Developing a Research Agenda for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration. Dr. Renforth earned his Ph.D. in geoenvironmental engineering from the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2011).

Joe Roman is a fellow in conservation biology and marine ecology at the Gund Institute for Environment, University of Vermont. His research focuses on the ecological functions and services provided by whales and other marine mammals. His team’s work shows that great whales, the largest animals ever to have lived, play important ecological roles in the ocean—from enhancing primary productivity to providing habitat for more than 80 endemic species when their carcasses sink to the deep sea. Dr. Roman is dedicated to science policy, scientific diplomacy, teaching, and research. He received his A.B. from Harvard College in visual and environmental studies (1985), his M.S. from the University of Florida in wildlife ecology and conservation (1999), and his Ph.D. in organismic and evolutionary biology from Harvard University (2003).

Gaurav N. Sant is a professor and Henry Samueli Fellow at the University of California, Los Angeles with appointments in the Departments of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering, and a member of the California Nanosystems Institute and the director of the Institute for Carbon Management. Dr. Sant’s research interests include interfacial solid–liquid, solid–vapor, and solid–liquid–vapor reactions including dissolution, precipitation, and electrochemical reactions with applications to (i) cement, concrete, and porous media; (ii) hard biological tissues; (iii) metals and alloys; (iv) natural and synthetic minerals; and (v) glasses. In his research, special focus is placed on decarbonizing construction, the development of carbon mitigation technologies, and promoting manufacturing disruptions in entrenched heavy-industry sectors. In 2021, CarbonBuilt, a team led by Dr. Sant, was selected as the Grand Prize Winner of the NRG COSIA Carbon XPRIZE, the first university team to win an XPRIZE, and he has participated on the National Academies committee, Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs. Dr. Sant received his Ph.D. in civil engineering from Purdue University in 2009.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. A Research Strategy for Ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal and Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26278.
×

David A. Siegel is presently a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Geography and chair of the Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Marine Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His research focuses on aquatic ecosystems and their functioning on local to global scales. He has worked extensively in marine bio-optics, satellite ocean color remote sensing and oceanographic observations, and numerical modeling on a wide range of problems from assessing marine biodiversity, quantifying the ocean’s biological carbon pump, measuring and modeling giant kelp spatial population dynamics, and understanding the efficacy of nearshore fisheries management scenarios. Dr. Siegel has served as a member of the National Academies Committee on Assessing Requirements for Sustained Ocean Color Research and Operations (2011), and most recently was a member on the Ecosystems Panel of the National Academies 2018 Committee on the Decadal Survey for Earth Science and Applications from Space. He is a fellow of both the American Geophysical Union and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Siegel received a B.A. in chemistry and a B.S. in engineering sciences from the University of California, San Diego (1982) and M.S. (1986) and Ph.D. (1988) in geological sciences from the University of Southern California.

Romany Webb is an associate research scholar at Columbia Law School and senior fellow at the Sabin Center for Climate Change Law. Her research focuses on climate change mitigation, exploring how legal and policy tools can be used to drive reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and support efforts to remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. Much of Ms. Webb’s work centers on legal issues associated with the use of oceans for carbon dioxide removal and storage. She is a member of the Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions’ “Solid Carbon” research study, which is assessing the feasibility of removing carbon dioxide from the ambient air using direct air capture facilities located on offshore platforms, and injecting the captured carbon dioxide into sub-seabed basalt rock formations. Ms. Webb received an LL.M., with a certificate of specialization in environmental law, from the University of California, Berkeley in 2013. She also holds an LL.B., awarded with first class honors, from the University of New South Wales (Australia).

Angelicque White is an associate professor in the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology at the University of Hawaii. Her primary research interests involve understanding how specific organisms acquire the elements necessary for growth and how different nutrient sources impact primary productivity and particle export. She is also working on the development of stochastic optimization models that can allow for more realistic simulations of the taxonomic and biogeochemical diversity of the phytoplankton community in the upper water column of the North Pacific. Dr. White received her B.S. (1998) and M.S. (2001) in biology from the University of Alabama in Huntsville and her Ph.D. in biological oceanography (2006) from Oregon State University.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. A Research Strategy for Ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal and Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26278.
×
Page301
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. A Research Strategy for Ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal and Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26278.
×
Page302
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. A Research Strategy for Ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal and Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26278.
×
Page303
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. A Research Strategy for Ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal and Sequestration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26278.
×
Page304
Next: Appendix B: Workshop and Meeting Public Presentations to the Committee »
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As of 2021, atmospheric carbon dioxide levels have reached historically unprecedented levels, higher than at any time in the past 800,000 years. Worldwide efforts to reduce emissions by creating a more efficient, carbon-free energy system may not be enough to stabilize the climate and avoid the worst impacts of climate change. Carbon dioxide removal (CDR) strategies, which remove and sequester carbon from the atmosphere, likely will be needed to meet global climate goals. The ocean, covering 70% of the Earth's surface, includes much of the global capacity for natural carbon sequestration; the ocean also holds great potential for uptake and longerterm sequestration of human-produced CO2.

This report builds on previous work from the National Academies to assess what is currently known about the benefits, risks, and potential for responsible scale-up of six specific ocean-based CDR strategies as identified by the sponsor, ClimateWorks Foundation. It describes the research needed to advance understanding of those approaches and address knowledge gaps. The resulting research agenda is meant to provide an improved and unbiased knowledge base for the public, stakeholders, and policymakers to make informed decisions on the next steps for ocean CDR, as part of a larger climate mitigation strategy; it is not meant to lock in or advocate for any particular approach.

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